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Nitric oxide synthase (NOS)-containing neurons (localized using NADPH diaphorase histochemistry or NOS immunoreactivity) and vasoactive intestinal peptide-immunoreactive (VIP-IR) neurons were found in the myenteric plexus of the gastrointestinal tract of the amphibian, Bufo marinus. Only limited co-localization of the two substances was observed in nerve(More)
The presence of nitric oxide synthase (NOS) was demonstrated immunohistochemically, and NADPH diaphorase was demonstrated by enzyme histochemistry in neurons throughout the gastrointestinal tract of the anuran amphibian, Bufo marinus. Successive staining showed that NOS immunoreactivity and NADPH diaphorase activity occurred in precisely the same subgroup(More)
The expression of mRNA for Nogo-66 receptor (NgR) in unoperated adult rats and mice, and rats with nerve grafts placed in the thalamus and cerebellum to stimulate axonal regeneration, was investigated by in situ hybridization. NgR was strongly expressed in neurons of the neocortex, hippocampal formation, and amygdaloid nuclei and dorsal thalamus and(More)
Some neurons in the brain and spinal cord will regenerate axons into a living peripheral nerve graft inserted at the site of injury, others will not. We have examined the patterns of expression of four molecules thought to be involved in developmental and regenerative axonal growth, in the cerebellum and brainstem of adult rats, following the implantation(More)
The heart of the toad Bufo marinus contained a substance with somatostatin-like immunoreactivity which eluted with somatostatin on reverse phase high pressure liquid chromatography. Immunoreactivity to somatostatin was localised histochemically to nerve fibers in muscle bundles of the sinus venosus, atria and ventricles and to nerve cell bodies in the sinus(More)
We have used in situ hybridization with a digoxigenin-labelled probe for tenascin-C mRNA and immunocytochemistry with antibodies against tenascin-C, glial fibrillary acidic protein, OX-42 and the 200 kDa neurofilament protein to study the expression, distribution and cellular relationships of tenascin-C mRNA and protein in the developing (postnatal) and(More)
The expression of Nogo-A mRNA and protein in the nervous system of adult rats and cultured neurons was studied by in situ hybridisation and immunohistochemistry. Nogo-A mRNA was expressed by many cells in unoperated animals, including spinal motor, DRG, and sympathetic neurons, retinal ganglion cells, and neocortical, hippocampal, and Purkinje neurons.(More)
Studies of the regeneration of CNS axons into peripheral nerve grafts have provided information crucial to our understanding of the regenerative potential of CNS neurons. Injured axons in the thalamus and corpus striatum produce regenerative sprouts within a few days of graft implantation, apparently in response to living cells in the grafts. The(More)
If one end of a segment of peripheral nerve is inserted into the brain or spinal cord, neuronal perikarya in the vicinity of the graft tip can be labelled with retrogradely transported tracers applied to the distal end of the graft several weeks later, showing that CNS axons can regenerate into and along such grafts. We have used transmission EM to examine(More)
The projections of galanin (GAL)- and vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP)-immunoreactive (IR) and nitric oxide synthase (NOS)-containing neurons in the small and large intestines of the amphibian Bufo marinus were investigated by their reactions to surgical interruption (myotomy). In the small intestine, myotomy caused accumulation of GAL- and VIP-IR and of(More)