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PURPOSE Patient-derived xenograft models are considered to represent the heterogeneity of human cancers and advanced preclinical models. Our consortium joins efforts to extensively develop and characterize a new collection of patient-derived colorectal cancer (CRC) models. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN From the 85 unsupervised surgical colorectal samples(More)
PURPOSE The aim of these studies was to characterize the action of STX140 in a P-glycoprotein-overexpressing tumor cell line both in vitro and in vivo. In addition, its efficacy was determined against xenografts derived from patients who failed docetaxel therapy. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN The effects of STX140, Taxol, and 2-methoxyestradiol (2-MeOE2) on cell(More)
Metastasis and drug resistance are major problems in cancer chemotherapy. The purpose of this work was to analyze the molecular mechanisms underlying the invasive potential of drug-resistant colon carcinoma cells. Cellular models included the parental HT-29 cell line and its drug-resistant derivatives selected after chronic treatment with either(More)
Malignant melanoma is an aggressive form of skin cancer with poor prognosis. Despite improvements in awareness and prevention of this disease, its incidence is rapidly increasing. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of small RNA molecules that regulate cellular processes by repressing messenger RNAs (mRNAs) with partially complementary target sites. Several(More)
Tumor-angiogenesis is the multi-factorial process of sprouting of endothelial cells (EC) into micro-vessels to provide tumor cells with nutrients and oxygen. To explore miRNAs as therapeutic angiogenesis-inhibitors, we performed a functional screen to identify miRNAs that are able to decrease EC viability. We identified miRNA-7 (miR-7) as a potent negative(More)
CDC25 dual-specificity phosphatases are essential regulators that dephosphorylate and activate cyclin-dependent kinase/cyclin complexes at key transitions of the cell cycle. CDC25 activity is currently considered to be an interesting target for the development of new antiproliferative agents. Here we report the identification of a new CDC25 inhibitor and(More)
Interactions between proteins of the Bcl-2 family play an important role in the regulation of apoptosis. Anti-apoptotic family members can heterodimerize with pro-apoptotic family members and antagonize their function, thus protecting against death. In cells protected from death by overexpression of Bcl-2 much of the Bax is present in Bax/Bcl-2(More)
The effects of cell adhesion on leukemia cell proliferation remain poorly documented and somehow controversial. In this work, we investigated the effect of adhesion to fibronectin on the proliferation of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cell lines (U937 and KG1a) and CD34+ normal or leukemic primary cells. We observed an increased rate of proliferation of AML(More)
BN80927 belongs to a novel family of camptothecin analogs, the homocamptothecins, developed on the concept of topoisomerase I (Topo I) inhibition and characterized by a stable seven-membered beta-hydroxylactone ring. Preclinical data reported here show that BN80927 retains Topo I poisoning activity in cell-free assay (DNA relaxation) as well as in living(More)
BIM-46187 (7-[2-amino-1-oxo-3-thio-propyl]-8-cyclohexylmethyl-2-phenyl-5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-imidazo-[1,2a]-pyrazine dimer, hydrochloride) is an inhibitor of the heterotrimeric G-protein complex signalling. Since many mediators of pain act through G-protein coupled receptors, the anti-hyperalgesic effects of BIM-46187 were assessed on experimental models of(More)