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The tra gene of Streptomyces lividans plasmid plJ101 is required for both plasmid DNA transfer and plJ101-induced mobilization of chromosomal genes during mating. We show that a chromosomally inserted copy of tra mediates transfer of chromosomal DNA at high frequency but promotes efficient transfer of plasmids only when they contain a previously unknown(More)
The marine bacterium Vibrio vulnificus is a human pathogen that can spontaneously switch between virulent opaque and avirulent translucent phenotypes. Here, we document an additional form, the rugose variant, which produces copious biofilms and which may contribute both to pathogenicity of V. vulnificus and to its survival under adverse environmental(More)
The fepA-entD and fes-entF operons in the enterobactin synthesis and transport system are divergently transcribed from overlapping promoters, and both are inhibited by the Fur repressor protein under iron-replete conditions. A plasmid harboring divergent fepA'-phoA and fes-entF'-'lacZ fusions, both under the control of this bidirectional regulatory region,(More)
SLP1 is a 17.2-kbp genetic element indigenous to the Streptomyces coelicolor chromosome. During conjugation, SLP1 can undergo excision and subsequent site-specific integration into the chromosomes of recipient cells. We report here the localization, nucleotide sequences, and initial characterization of the genes mediating these recombination events. A(More)
Capsular polysaccharide (CPS) is a major virulence factor in Vibrio vulnificus, and encapsulated strains have an opaque, smooth (OpS) colony morphology, while nonencapsulated strains have a translucent, smooth (TrS) colony morphology. Previously, we showed that OpS and TrS parental strains can yield a third colony type, rugose (R), and that the resulting(More)
The iron-controlled fepA and fes-entF transcripts from the Escherichia coli enterobactin gene complex are expressed divergently from a limited genetic region, thereby suggesting the existence of a single, possibly overlapping promoter junction for these genes. The nucleotide sequence of a 1,997-base pair HpaI fragment specific for this genetic region(More)
Plasmid pIJ101 from Streptomyces lividans encodes a single gene, tra, that is essential for both plasmid transfer and mobilization of chromosomes during mating. The tra gene product (Tra) is a membrane protein, a portion of which shows similarity to transfer proteins of other streptomycete plasmids as well as additional bacterial chromosome partitioning(More)
The nucleotide sequence of the Escherichia coli enterobactin biosynthesis gene entD has been determined. entD specifies a predicted 23579 Dalton protein containing several helical regions, a transmembrane segment and one positively charged domain. The EntD polypeptide was overexpressed and identified in electrophoretic gels as a membrane protein. Although(More)
Plant pathogenicity is rare in the genus Streptomyces, with only a dozen or so species possessing this trait out of the more than 900 species described. Nevertheless, such species have had a significant impact on agricultural economies throughout the world due to their ability to cause important crop diseases such as potato common scab, which is(More)
Strains of the sweet potato soil rot pathogen Streptomyces ipomoeae had previously been divided into three groups based on their ability to inhibit one another during pairwise cocultivation. While group I strains are not antagonistic to members of the other groups, group II and group III strains produce separate substances that are inhibitory to strains(More)