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Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a principal regulator of blood vessel formation and haematopoiesis, but the mechanisms by which VEGF differentially regulates these processes have been elusive. Here we describe a regulatory loop by which VEGF controls survival of haematopoietic stem cells (HSCs). We observed a reduction in survival, colony(More)
Recently, several lines of evidence have indicated an expanded role for thrombopoietin (TPO) and its receptor, c-mpl, in hematopoiesis. In addition to being the primary physiological regulator of platelet production, it is now apparent that TPO also acts during early hematopoiesis. To futher define the role of TPO in early hematopoiesis we have identified(More)
The microenvironment is a key regulator of hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) and is a likely source of extracellular factors that control stem cell fate. A better understanding of these microenvironmental factors may come from investigations of developmental cell fate determination in which the critical roles of cell-cell interactions of multipotential cells(More)
BACKGROUND Hematopoiesis entails the production of multiple blood cell lineages throughout the lifespan of the organism. This is accomplished by the regulated expansion and differentiation of hematopoietic precursors that originate from self-renewing hematopoietic stem cells. Studies of lineage commitment and proliferation have shown that the cytokine(More)
The cytokine thrombopoietin (TPO) controls the formation of megakaryocytes and platelets from hematopoietic stem cells. TPO exerts its effect through activation of the c-Mpl receptor and of multiple downstream signal transduction pathways. While the membrane-proximal half of the cytoplasmic domain appears to be required for the activation of signaling(More)
The polymerase chain reaction (PCR) is an extremely sensitive assay that has many uses in retroviral-mediated gene transfer protocols. Because the majority of retroviral vectors used in current gene transfer protocols are based on the Moloney-murine leukemia virus (MMLV), we have designed primers which amplify a region of the psi packaging sequence from all(More)
Thrombopoietin is a lineage-dominant cytokine involved primarily in the control of platelet production. The physiological importance of thrombopoietin (TPO) in the regulation of megakaryocyte and platelet production was demonstrated by the production of mice deficient in TPO or its receptor, c-Mpl. Even though these mice are profoundly thrombocytopenic they(More)
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