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Groups of young adult male Fischer-344 rats given the vehicle (corn oil) or either decalin or d-limonene at dose levels of 75, 150 or 300 mg/kg body weight by a single daily gavage on 5 days/wk were killed on study days 6 or 27, approximately 24 hr after the fifth or 20th dose, to determine whether the specific time- and dose-related triad of renal(More)
In the studies described here, we have examined the sex-specific sensitivity of rat kidney to d-limonene. At 24 hr after an acute dose of 200 mg d-limonene/kg body weight administered to adult male and female Fischer 344 rats by oral gavage, an increase in the incidence and severity of hyaline droplets was observed in the kidneys of males only. This(More)
We investigated the effects of silica (SiO2) and titanium dioxide (TiO2) on the pulmonary recruitment of inflammatory cells and the ability of alveolar macrophages (AMs) to release the pro-inflammatory cytokines, interleukin 1 (IL-1) and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF). Rats were intratracheally instilled with 5 to 100 mg/kg of the materials, and(More)
Mouse liver stem cell (oval cell) lines were investigated in order to determine the role which two families of growth and differentiation factors (GDFs), epidermal growth factor (EGF) family and transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) family, play in liver regeneration. EGF family members, including EGF, amphiregulin, betacellulin, heparin-binding(More)
Quantitative methods were developed to assess the interrelation between age and sunlight on the facial skin of healthy women living in the same sunny area. The women were grouped into the following categories: young versus old and low versus high solar exposure. The features evaluated were perceived age, amount of facial wrinkling, skin color, and skin(More)
A peculiar decalin-induced male rat nephropathy associated with the altered renal handling of filtered protein appears limited to the accumulation of the protein, alpha 2u-globulin. Several strains of male rats that produce alpha 2u-globulin (Fischer-344, Sprague-Dawley, Buffalo, and Norway Brown) demonstrate spontaneous renal cortical hyaline droplets(More)
Since the p53 gene function is critical to how a cell responds to DNA damage, we investigated the p53 status in Chinese hamster cell lines commonly used in genotoxicity tests for cytogenetic damage around the world. These included: Chinese hamster ovary K1 (CHO-K1), Chinese hamster ovary WBL (CHO-WBL), and Chinese hamster lung (CHL) cells. The results of(More)
Automated three-dimensional (3-D) image analysis methods are presented for rapid and effective analysis of populations of fluorescently labeled cells or nuclei in thick tissue sections that have been imaged three dimensionally using a confocal microscope. The methods presented here greatly improve upon our earlier work (Roysam et al.:J Microsc 173: 115-126,(More)
The colonic mucosa can adapt its growth to alterations in diet. Metabolites from colonic microflora are frequently implicated as the primary factor in mediating the colonic mucosal response to diet; however, there is also evidence indicating that diet may have a direct effect in mediating this response. The aim of this study was to determine the role of(More)
Studies were conducted to gain additional information about the spontaneous and decalin-exacerbated formation of hyaline droplets within the cytoplasm of proximal convoluted tubule (PCT) epithelial cells of the adult male rat. Renal cortical tissue protein patterns determined through two-dimensional gel electrophoresis revealed four species of a(More)