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Entanglement and non-locality are non-classical global characteristics of quantum states important to the foundations of quantum mechanics. Recent investigations have shown that environmental noise, even when it is entirely local in influence, can destroy both of these properties in finite time despite giving rise to full quantum state decoherence only in(More)
This paper provides an analytic treatment of the effect of differential fitness of mutants and non-mutants on the Luria-Delbrück distribution, which is used to describe the number of mutant cells obtained prior to selection during a fluctuation test experiment. It also systematizes the treatment of the case when the cultures are seeded with multiple cells.(More)
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We demonstrate the existence of entanglement sudden death (ESD), the complete loss of entanglement in finite time, in qubit-qutrit systems. In particular, ESD is shown to occur in such systems initially prepared in a one-parameter class of entangled mixed states and then subjected to local dephasing noise. Together with previous results, this proves the(More)
A class of self-similar sets of entangled quantum states is introduced, for which a recursive definition is provided. These sets, the " Bell gems, " are defined by the subsystem exchange symmetry characteristic of the Bell states. Each Bell gem is shown to be an orthonormal basis of maximally entangled elements.
We demonstrate that multipartite Bell-inequality violations can be fully destroyed in finite time in three-qubit systems subject only to the mechanism of local external asymptotic dephasing noise. This broadens the study of local-noise-induced sudden death of nonlocal behavior, extending it beyond the realm of bipartite systems, to which it had previously(More)
We consider the behavior of quantum states under stochastic local quantum operations and classical communication ͑SLOCC͒ for an arbitrary fixed number of qubits. We use a real ͑Lorentz͒ group to describe the action of SLOCC operations on n-qubit states. We discuss the natural quantum Lorentz-group group-invariant length for an arbitrary number of qubits. We(More)