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In the last decade several groups have been developing vision prostheses to restore visual perception to the profoundly blind. Despite some promising results from human trials, further understanding of the neural mechanisms involved is crucial for improving the efficacy of these devices. One of the techniques involves placing stimulating electrodes in the(More)
A new method for fabrication of microelectrode arrays comprised of traditional implant materials is presented. The main construction principle is the use of spun-on medical grade silicone rubber as insulating substrate material and platinum foil as conductor (tracks, pads and electrodes). The silicone rubber and the platinum foil are patterned by laser(More)
Conducting polymer (CP) coatings on medical electrodes have the potential to provide superior performance when compared to conventional metallic electrodes, but their stability is strongly dependant on the substrate properties. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of laser roughening of underlying platinum (Pt) electrode surfaces on the(More)
Investigators of microelectronic visual prosthesis devices have found that some aspects of vision can be restored in the form of spots of light in the visual field, so-called "phosphenes", from which more rich and complex scenes may be composed. However, questions still surround the capabilities of how such a form of vision can allow its recipients to "see"(More)
A visual tracking task was administered to 20 subjects afforded simulated prosthetic vision (a phosphene array); a total of 3h data was taken from each subject over the course of 10 visits. The experiment assessed prosthetic visual fixation, saccade and smooth pursuit and the effect of practice. Further, we demonstrated an image analysis technique that(More)
Recipients of vision prosthesis prototypes have reported electrically elicited visual perceptions as discrete dots of light (phosphenes). Phosphenes construct the scenery in discontinuous small isolated patches, resulting in visual information deficit to a large portion of the visual field. Visual scanning therefore plays an important role in the utility of(More)
Several approaches have been proposed for placement of retinal prostheses: epiretinal, subretinal and suprachoroidal. We aimed to systematically evaluate the effectiveness of varying a range of stimulus parameters and electrode geometry for a suprachoroidal electrode array, using cortical evoked responses to monopolar electrical stimulation in cats. Our(More)
A virtual-reality simulation tested prosthetic visual acuity for both rectangular and hexagonal phosphene grids. Thirteen normally sighted, untrained subjects were required to identify the Landolt C optotype over ten sessions. Overall performance, performance by filter setting (image analysis), and performance by size and orientation of the Landolt C(More)
With increasing research advances and clinical trials of visual prostheses, there is significant demand to better understand the perceptual and psychophysical aspects of prosthetic vision. In prosthetic vision a visual scene is composed of relatively large, isolated, spots of light so-called "phosphenes", very much like a magnified pictorial print. The(More)
By way of extracellular, electrical stimulation of the visual pathway, the various approaches to vision prosthesis aim to provide crude, patterned vision to individuals with profound blindness. Common to all approaches is the implantable electrode array and the rendering of phosphenes-the actuated percepts occupying the visual field of the implantee. Thus(More)