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BACKGROUND Tropomyosin (TM), an essential actin-binding protein, is central to the control of calcium-regulated striated muscle contraction. Although TPM1alpha (also called alpha-TM) is the predominant TM isoform in human hearts, the precise TM isoform composition remains unclear. METHODS AND RESULTS In this study, we quantified for the first time the(More)
Tropomyosin (TM) is an integral component of the thin filament in muscle fibers and is involved in regulating actin-myosin interactions. TM is encoded by a family of four alternatively spliced genes that display highly conserved nucleotide and amino acid sequences. To assess the functional and developmental significance of alpha-TM, the murine alpha-TM gene(More)
Mutations in striated muscle alpha-tropomyosin (alpha-TM), an essential thin filament protein, cause both dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) and familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Two distinct point mutations within alpha-tropomyosin are associated with the development of DCM in humans: Glu40Lys and Glu54Lys. To investigate the functional consequences of(More)
Tropomyosin (TM), an integral component of the thin filament, is encoded by three striated muscle isoforms: alpha-TM, beta-TM, and TPM 3. Although the alpha-TM and beta-TM isoforms are well characterized, less is known about the function of the TPM 3 isoform, which is predominantly found in the slow-twitch musculature of mammals. To determine its functional(More)
Colon cancer accounts for more than 10% of all cancer deaths annually. Our genetic evidence from Drosophila and previous in vitro studies of mammalian Atonal homolog 1 (Atoh1, also called Math1 or Hath1) suggest an anti-oncogenic function for the Atonal group of proneural basic helix-loop-helix transcription factors. We asked whether mouse Atoh1 and human(More)
Familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (FHC) is a disease caused by mutations in contractile proteins of the sarcomere. Our laboratory developed a mouse model of FHC with a mutation in the thin filament protein alpha-tropomyosin (TM) at amino acid 180 (Glu180Gly). The hearts of these mice exhibit dramatic systolic and diastolic dysfunction, and their(More)
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