Greg L. Yorke

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Bovine brain gangliosides were applied to primary and established neuronal cultures to examine the role of gangliosides in neuronal development. Media containing gangliosides enhanced the degree of axonal elongation exhibited by sensory ganglia neurons and increased the length and number of Neuro-2a neuroblastoma cell processes. Ganglioside-supplemented(More)
The 4 major ganglioside species, GM1, GD1a, GD1b and GT1b (200 micrograms/ml), were tested individually for the ability to stimulate neuronal trophic responses. The growth parameters measured were: morphologic changes, quantitated by computer-assisted morphometry of neurite length and number per soma, and metabolic changes, indicated by alterations in(More)
Gangliosides were previously reported to induce neuritogenesis in primary neuronal cultures and in some neurally derived cell lines. Because isolated gangliosides usually contain variable quantities of peptides, we investigated the possibility that neurite-stimulating activity could be caused by these contaminants. Ganglioside preparations from bovine brain(More)
Our previous immunofluorescence studies on neurons have demonstrated the presence of myosin in regions of neurons which contained actin. To determine if a system similar to the troponin complex of striated muscle is present in neurons, antibody shown to be specific for the calcium-binding component of troponin (troponin-C) was applied to cultures of(More)
The effect of ganglioside GM1 on components of the neuronal cytoskeleton was studied in Neuro-2a neuroblastoma cells using immunofluorescent, immunogold-labeled, and Western-blot analysis. Exposure of cells to GM1 for 24 h resulted in an increased microtubular network and level of tubulin, a redistribution of MAP2 immunoreactivity from perikarya to distal(More)
These studies demonstrate that while microtubules are essential for BBG-mediated neurite initiation and elongation, they are not involved in microfilament-dependent ganglioside-mediated surface activity. Microfilaments may be more directly altered by exogenous gangliosides than microtubules since they are the major structural elements of microvilli and are(More)
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