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Eye movements were monitored while participants performed a change detection task with images of natural scenes. An initial and a modified scene image were displayed in alternation, separated by a blank interval (flicker paradigm). In the modified image, a single target object was changed either by deleting that object from the scene or by rotating that… (More)
The purpose of the present study was to investigate the degree to which foveal information is necessary for object identification. To explore this question, we used an artificial moving scotoma paradigm to eliminate a region of a currently viewed display in real time as a function of eye position. Subjects examined linear arrays of four line drawings of… (More)
for comments on an earlier draft, and to Laura Reese and Gary Sands, the special issue editors for their feedback. Our thanks also to Greg Schrock and Katherine Murphy for research and editorial assistance.
In this paper, we explore the increasingly significant role of human capital in regional development by presenting a number of hypotheses about the nature and extent of regional occupational specialization and exploring these with data analysis on national trends and on the Minneapolis/St. Paul metropolitan area. Nationally, we find that a region's… (More)
Economic, political, cultural, and environmental distinctiveness may attract high-quality workers and firms as well as reflect a region's export viability. We hypothesize that local consumption activity can be a source of such distinctiveness and thus of long-term growth and stability, and that specialization does not reflect export activity alone. Using… (More)
Executive Summary rtists continue to sort themselves out among American cities. In the 1990s, they reversed a trend of several decades and gravitated in larger numbers towards three premier centers of tourism, entertainment and creative work: Los Angeles, New York and San Francisco. They also favored a set of second tier metros — Miami — over nineteen other… (More)
The Humphrey Institute of the University of Minnesota is hospitable to a diversity of opinions and aspirations. The Institute does not itself take positions on issues of public policy.
Institute of Public Affairs. The statements, findings, conclusions and recommendations are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Minnesota State Colleges and Universities. The Humphrey Institute of the University of Minnesota is hospitable to a diversity of opinions and aspirations. The Institute does not itself take positions… (More)
Urban geographers conceptualize the distribution of economic activity across city systems in terms of hierarchy, where functions are related to size, and specialization, where places compete against each other for functional primacy. Using occupational data, we explore the salience of each for U.S. metropolitan areas. We find that large, urbanized places —… (More)