Greg James Fox

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Immunological impairment plays a major role in the epidemiology of TB. Globally, the most common causes of immunological impairment are malnutrition, diabetes, HIV/AIDS, aging, and smoking. With the notable exception of HIV, each factor leads to relatively mild immunological impairment in individuals. However, as these conditions affect a significant(More)
Prevention of multidrug-resistant and extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR/XDR-TB) is a top priority for global TB control, given the need to limit epidemic spread and considering the high cost, toxicity and poor treatment outcomes with available therapies. We performed a systematic literature review to evaluate the evidence for strategies to reduce(More)
Pneumonia is a major cause of disease and death in infants and young children (aged <5 years) globally, as it is in the World Health Organization Western Pacific region. A better understanding of the underlying risk factors associated with child pneumonia is important, since pragmatic primary prevention strategies are likely to achieve major reductions in(More)
OBJECTIVE This opinion piece encourages mental health researchers and clinicians to engage with mental health issues among tuberculosis patients in the Asia-Pacific region in a culturally appropriate and ethical manner. The diversity of cultural contexts and the high burden of tuberculosis throughout the Asia-Pacific presents significant challenges.(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the effectiveness of decentralized treatment and care for patients with multidrug-resistant (MDR) tuberculosis, in comparison with centralized approaches. METHODS We searched, the Cochrane library, Embase®, Google Scholar, LILACS, PubMed®, Web of Science and the World Health Organization's portal of clinical trials(More)
BACKGROUND Ensuring patients fully adhere to their treatment is a major challenge for TB control programmes in resource-limited settings. This study was conducted three outpatient tuberculosis clinics in Hanoi, Vietnam. We aimed to evaluate the feasibility of using asynchronous Video Directly Observed Therapy (VDOT) to support treatment adherence among(More)
There is a need for better utilization of program data for global tuberculosis (TB) control. Significant information could be gained from data collected by TB programs that could supplement traditional sources of evidence and contribute to policy development. For this operational information to be useful, it must be collected in a uniform manner, using(More)
OBJECTIVE To perform a systematic review to evaluate the impact of sputum quality on the yield of tuberculosis (TB) diagnostic tests. METHODS We searched PubMed, EMBASE, LILACS and the Cochrane Database to identify studies that addressed 1) the impact of sputum quality on the proportion of sputum samples with Mycobacterium tuberculosis detected using(More)
BACKGROUND Differences in the prevalence of latent tuberculous infection (LTBI) and tuberculosis (TB) disease among contacts of patients with multidrug-resistant TB (MDR-TB) and drug-susceptible TB are not well understood. OBJECTIVE To compare the prevalence of tuberculin skin test (TST) positivity in household contacts of patients with MDR-TB and in(More)
The importance of addressing the conditions that predispose individuals and populations to develop tuberculosis is increasingly being recognized. Accurate quantification of the protective effect of preventive therapy and the provision of pragmatic guidance for clinical care and public health interventions is important. However, this approach must be nested(More)