Greg J. Barritt

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The compound 2-aminoethyl diphenylborate (2-APB), an inhibitor of Ins(1,4,5)P(3) receptor action in some cell types, has been used to assess the role of Ins(1,4,5)P(3) receptors in the activation of store-operated Ca2+ channels (SOCs) [Ma, Patterson, van Rossum, Birnbaumer, Mikoshiba and Gill (2000) Science 287, 1647-1651]. In freshly-isolated rat(More)
The progression of cells from a normal differentiated state in which rates of proliferation and apoptosis are balanced to a tumorigenic and metastatic state involves the accumulation of mutations in multiple key signalling proteins and the evolution and clonal selection of more aggressive cell phenotypes. These events are associated with changes in the(More)
Glucagon is one of the major hormonal regulators of glucose metabolism, counteracting the hepatic effects of insulin when the concentration of glucose in the bloodstream falls below a certain level. Glucagon also regulates bile flow, hepatocellular volume and membrane potential of hepatocytes. It is clear that changes in cell volume and membrane potential(More)
The effects of expression of the Drosophila melanogaster Trpl protein, which is thought to encode a putative Ca2+ channel [Phillips, Bull and Kelly (1992) Neuron 8, 631-642], on divalent cation inflow in Xenopus laevis oocytes were investigated. The addition of extracellular Ca2+ ([Ca2+]0) to oocytes injected with trpl cRNA and to mock-injected controls,(More)
The full-length transient receptor (TRPC)1 polypeptide is composed of about 790 amino acids, and several splice variants are known. The predicted structure and topology is of an integral membrane protein composed of six transmembrane domains, and a cytoplasmic C- and N-terminal domain. The N-terminal domain includes three ankyrin repeat motifs. Antibodies(More)
The ability of 1-[6-[[17 beta-3-methoxyestra-1,3,5(10)-trien-17- yl]amino]hexyl]-1H-pyrrole-2,5-dione (U73122), an inhibitor of phospholipase C (Smith et al., J Pharmacol Exp Ther 253:688-697, 1992), to inhibit agonist-stimulated and store-operated Ca2+ inflow in single hepatocytes was investigated with the aim of testing whether the activation of(More)
The TRPC1 (transient receptor potential canonical 1) protein, which is thought to encode a non-selective cation channel activated by store depletion and/or an intracellular messenger, is expressed in a number of non-excitable cells. However, the physiological functions of TRPC1 are not well understood. The aim of these studies was to investigate the(More)
Two cellular proteins, stromal interaction molecule 1 (STIM1) and Orai1, are recently discovered essential components of the Ca2+ release activated Ca2+ (CRAC) channel. Orai1 polypeptides form the pore of the CRAC channel, while STIM1 plays the role of the endoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ sensor required for activation of CRAC current (I(CRAC)) by store(More)
Repetitive hormone-induced changes in concentration of free cytoplasmic Ca2+ in hepatocytes require Ca2+ entry through receptor-activated Ca2+ channels and SOCs (store-operated Ca2+ channels). SOCs are activated by a decrease in Ca2+ concentration in the intracellular Ca2+ stores, but the molecular components and mechanisms are not well understood. Some(More)
Strategies which can be used to elucidate the nature of a GTP-binding regulatory protein (G-protein) involved in an intracellular pathway of interest in the complex environment of the cell are described and evaluated. A desirable strategy is considered to be one in which the first stage indicates a requirement for one or more G-proteins, provides(More)