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The immediate haemodynamic effects of intravenous frusemide (1 mg/kg) and intravenous isosorbide dinitrate (50-200 micrograms/kg/h) were compared in a prospective, randomised, between-group study in 28 men with radiographic and haemodynamic evidence of left ventricular failure following acute myocardial infarction. The diuresis induced by frusemide reduced(More)
Clinical concern still exists regarding the potentially deleterious results of the combined negative inotropic effects of cardiac beta-adrenoceptor and slow calcium channel blockade in patients with impaired left ventricular function due to coronary heart disease. The haemodynamic effects of sublingual nifedipine (20 mg) and intravenous metoprolol (10 mg)(More)
AIMS We investigated the net benefit in the outcome of reducing treatment delay through field triage and emergency department (ED) bypass in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) treated with primary angioplasty. METHODS AND RESULTS In a prospective registry study, consecutive patients with suspected STEMI were assigned to: (i)(More)
The haemodynamic effects of intravenous frusemide (1 mg/kg) were studied in 22 male patients with left ventricular failure following acute myocardial infarction. Radiographic pulmonary oedema was present in all patients and their average left heart filling pressure was 20 mmHg. Bolus injection of the drug was followed by immediate increases in systemic(More)
The circulatory effects induced by two sequential intravenous treatment programs with a diuretic, arteriolar or venodilator , and a positive inotropic drug were studied in a randomized between-group trial in 20 male patients with radiographic and hemodynamic evidence of left ventricular (LV) failure following acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Furosemide(More)
Background. This study addressed the need for heparin administration to be continued for more than 24 hours after coronary thrombolysis with recombinant tissue-type plasminogen activator (rt-PA). Methods and Results. A total of 241 patients with acute myocardial infarction were treated with 100 mg rt-PA and a bolus of 5,000 units i.v. heparin followed by(More)
The immediate haemodynamic dose response effects of beta blockade (propranolol: 2 to 16 mg) were compared with those of combined alpha beta blockade (labetalol: 10 to 80 mg) in a randomised study of 20 patients with stable angina pectoris. After control measurements, the circulatory changes induced by four logarithmically cumulative intravenous boluses of(More)
In a double-blind randomized trial involving five Sydney hospitals and the city ambulance paramedical service, 145 patients with a first evolving myocardial infarction and with onset of pain less than 2.5 (mean 1.9 +/- 0.5 [SD]) hr previously were allocated to intravenous infusion of 100 mg recombinant tissue-type plasminogen activator (rt-PA) or placebo(More)
The immediate effects of sublingual nifedipine (20 mg) were evaluated in 18 men with stable, exercise-related angina pectoris and angiographically confirmed coronary artery obstructions, stratified at the time of left ventricular (LV) angiography according to the degree of LV dysfunction supine at rest (Group 1: n = 9, left ventricular end-diastolic(More)
A prospective randomised trial compared the immediate haemodynamic effects of intravenous diuretic (frusemide), venodilator (isosorbide dinitrate), arteriolar dilator (hydralazine), and positive inotropic stimulation (prenalterol) as first-line therapy for acute left ventricular (LV) failure following myocardial infarction. Forty-eight patients with(More)