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A magnetic cell separation technique (MACS) was developed for isolating and characterizing peanut lectin agglutinin positive (PNA(+)) cells from rainbow trout gills. Percoll density separated mitochondria-rich (MR) cells were serially labeled with PNA-FITC and an anti-FITC antibody covalently coupled to a 50-nm iron particle and then applied to a magnetic(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Hyperosmotic mannitol therapy is widely used in the clinical setting for acute and subacute reduction in brain edema, to decrease muscle damage in compartment syndrome, and to improve renal perfusion. Though beneficial rheological effects commonly are attributed to mannitol, its direct effects on endothelial cells are poorly(More)
The Lake Magadi tilapia (Alcolapia grahami) is an unusual fish, excreting all its nitrogenous waste as urea because of its highly alkaline and buffered aquatic habitat. Here, using both physiological and molecular studies, we describe the mechanism of branchial urea excretion in this species. In vivo, repeated short-interval sampling revealed that urea(More)
Isolated mitochondria-rich (MR) cells from the rainbow trout gill epithelium were subjected to intracellular pH (pH(i)) imaging with the pH-sensitive dye BCECF-AM. MR cells were categorized into two distinct functional subtypes based on their ability to recover pH(i) from an NH(4)Cl-induced acidification in the absence of Na(+). An apparent link between(More)
We have studied intracellular pH (pH(i)) recovery in isolated trout gill mitochondrion-rich (MR) cells following acidification by the NH(4)Cl pre-pulse technique. Within a mixed MR cell population, one cell type displayed Na(+)-independent pH(i) recovery while the other cell type lacked a Na(+)-independent pH(i) recovery. Cells displaying Na(+) independent(More)
Arctic grayling (Thymallus arcticus) are salmonids that have a strict freshwater existence in post-glacial North America. Oil and gas development is associated with production of high volumes of hypersaline water. With planned industrial expansion into northern areas of Canada and the USA that directly overlap grayling habitat, the threat of accidental(More)
BACKGROUND The MS4A gene family in humans includes CD20 (MS4A1), FcRbeta (MS4A2), Htm4 (MS4A3), and at least 13 other syntenic genes encoding membrane proteins, most having characteristic tetraspanning topology. Expression of MS4A genes is variable in tissues throughout the body; however, several are limited to cells in the hematopoietic system where they(More)
The steady-state and kinetic properties of the KCNMB3 regulatory subunits associated with calcium-activated potassium channels (BK channels) are presented. BK channels containing four sequence variants (V1-V4) in the four different isoforms of the beta-subunit (beta3a, beta3b, beta3c, and beta3d) were expressed in Xenopus oocytes. Reconstituted BK channel(More)
A role for acid-sensing ion channels (ASICs) to serve as epithelial channels for Na(+) uptake by the gill of freshwater rainbow trout was investigated. We found that the ASIC inhibitors 4',6-diamidino-2-phenylindole and diminazene decreased Na(+) uptake in adult rainbow trout in a dose-dependent manner, with IC50 values of 0.12 and 0.96 μM, respectively.(More)
Oxygen (O(2)) is one of the most important environmental factors that affects both physiological processes and development of aerobic animals, yet little is known about the neural mechanism of O(2) sensing and adaptive responses to low O(2) (hypoxia) during development. In the pond snail, Helisoma trivolvis, the first embryonic neurons (ENC1s) to develop(More)