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A prospective study of acute cerebrovascular disease in a community of about 105,000 people is reported. The study protocol combined rapid clinical assessment of patients with accurate diagnosis of the pathological type of stroke by CT or necropsy, whether or not they were admitted to hospital. The study population was defined as those people who were(More)
BACKGROUND There is good evidence that brief interventions from health professionals can increase rates of smoking cessation. A number of trials have examined whether specific skills training for health professionals leads them to have greater success in helping their patients who smoke. OBJECTIVES The aim of this review was to assess the effectiveness of(More)
OBJECTIVES To estimate the efficacy of dietary advice to lower blood total cholesterol concentration in free-living subjects and to investigate the efficacy of different dietary recommendations. DESIGN Systematic overview of 19 randomised controlled trials including 28 comparisons. SUBJECTS Free-living subjects. INTERVENTIONS Individualised dietary(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the effect of 900 mg/day of dried garlic powder (standardised to 1.3% allicin) in reducing total cholesterol. DESIGN Double-blind, randomised six-month parallel trial. SUBJECTS 115 individuals with a repeat total cholesterol concentration of 6.0-8.5 mmol/l and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol of 3.5 mmol/l or above after(More)
Nicotine-replacement therapy (NRT) by gum, transdermal patch, intranasal spray, or inhalation is expensive but how effective is it? We have done a meta-analysis of controlled trials to see how effects on abstinence rates are influenced by the clinical setting, the level of nicotine dependency, the dosage of NRT, and the intensity of additional advice and(More)
Of 2110 adult cigarette smokers originally recruited to a study of the effect of antismoking advice in general practice, 429 who reported at follow up after one year that they had tried unsuccessfully to stop smoking were offered "a special antismoking chewing gum," either nicotine gum or a placebo gum, in a double blind study. Of 200 who were willing to(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine coronary event and case fatality rates in an English population aged less than 80 years in Oxfordshire, and to compare these rates with those reported by the UK monitoring trends and determinants of cardiovascular disease (MONICA) centres in Scotland and Northern Ireland and those ascertained in Oxfordshire in 1966-67. DESIGN A(More)
BACKGROUND Nicotine replacement therapy is effective in helping people to give up smoking. The three forms now available--transdermal patches, chewing gum and nasal spray--deliver nicotine at different rates and to different levels. Therefore, it might be expected that smokers with different characteristics, and at different levels of nicotine dependence,(More)
The information required by family doctors on initial and final discharge reports from hospitals was specified and 546 such reports from hospitals in Aylesbury, Amersham, Banbury, Oxford, and High Wycombe were reviewed for the availability and accessibility of important information. Several items could have been recorded better, including the name of the(More)
A study is described in which three general practices were provided with low cost, low technology support from a "facilitator" and were compared with control practices in the ascertainment of major risk factors for cardiovascular disease in middle aged patients. Patients who were attending for a consultation with their general practitioners were recruited(More)