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Buthionine sulfoximine (BSO), a specific inhibitor of glutathione synthesis, showed variable growth-inhibitory activity in different tumor cell lines with a high degree of inhibitory activity against melanoma-derived cell lines. A correlation between BSO growth-inhibitory effects and cellular glutathione peroxidase activity was observed. In contrast, no(More)
A prospective study was undertaken to determine whether feeding farm animals antibiotics in feed caused changes in the intestinal bacterial flora of farm dwellers and their neighbors. Chickens were fed tetracycline-supplemented feed (tet-feed), and, as expected, within one week their intestinal flora contained almost entirely tetracycline-resistant(More)
The high intracellular level of glutathione is maintained, in part, by the important redox enzyme glutathione reductase. This report describes the properties of a new inhibitor of glutathione reductase, 2,4-dihydroxybenzylamine (2,4-DHBA). The inhibition of glutathione reductase by both 2,4-DHBA and 1,3-bischloroethyl-nitrosourea (BCNU) requires the(More)
The dopamine analog 3,4-dihydroxybenzylamine (3,4-DHBA), a novel antitumor agent, was shown to inhibit directly DNA polymerase in cells of the deeply pigmented murine melanoma, S-91A, permeabilized to nucleotides by lysolecithin. In contrast, levodopa and dopamine did not inhibit DNA polymerase in permeabilized cells in the absence of exogenous tyrosinase.(More)
Several derivatives of levodopa have been shown to be potent inhibitors of the sulfhydryl enzyme, RNA dependent DNA polymerase, reverse transcriptase (RT). In the presence of the polyphenol oxidase, tyrosinase, the inhibitory values were between 10(-6) M and 10(-5) M. Structure-activity studies revealed that active oxidation or reduction was necessary for(More)
Solid phase micro extraction (SPME) was applied to the determination of selected trihalomethanes (THMs), chloroform, bromodichloromethane, dibromochloromethane, bromoform, in potable and recreational waters. The selected samples were environmentally significant due to mandatory limits imposed by regulatory agencies. Extraction of the analytes was performed(More)
gamma-L-glutaminyl-4-hydroxybenzene, a stable phenol found in high concentrations in the gill tissue of the common mushroom, Agaricus bisporus, was shown to be capable of selectively inhibiting DNA synthesis in L1210 leukemia cells. Studies with isolated enzymes and permeabilized L1210 cells revealed that this compound inhibits ribonucleotide reductase ((More)
The rationale for melanoma specific dihydroxybenzene containing antitumor agents is based in part upon the ability of the enzyme tyrosinase to oxidize these pro drugs to toxic intermediates. In situ tyrosinase activity was demonstrated to be affected by both cell density and time from plating in pigmented melanoma cells. Phenylthiourea, which completely(More)
A cell line (SCC-25) derived from a human squamous cell carcinoma was found to have a higher level of in situ thymidylate synthase activity when compared to a faster-growing cell line, L1210 leukemia, and approximately 5 times the level of activity of a cell line with the same growth rate, S91-A melanoma. These results led to an examination of the effects(More)