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  • Dave Donaldson, Timothy Besley, Robin Burgess, Stephen Redding, Costas Arkolakis, David Atkin +40 others
  • 2009
How large are the benefits of transportation infrastructure projects, and what explains these benefits? To shed new light on these questions, I collect archival data from colonial India and use it to estimate the impact of India's vast railroad network. Guided by six predictions from a general equilibrium trade model, I find that railroads: (1) decreased(More)
It is often argued that cost-sharing—charging a subsidized, positive price—for a health product is necessary to avoid wasting resources on those who will not use or do not need the product. We explore this argument through a field experiment in Kenya, in which we randomized the price at which prenatal clinics could sell long lasting anti-malarial(More)
  • Richard Hornbeck, David Autor, Abhijit Banerjee, Nick Bloom, Geoff Cunfer, Joe Doyle +16 others
  • 2009
The 1930's American Dust Bowl was an environmental catastrophe that greatly eroded sections of the Plains. Analyzing new data collected to identify low-, medium-, and high-erosion counties, the Dust Bowl is estimated to have immediately, substantially , and persistently reduced agricultural land values and revenues. During the Depression and through at(More)
This Discussion Paper is issued under the auspices of the Centre's research programme in DEVELOPMENT ECONOMICS. Any opinions expressed here are those of the author(s) and not those of the Centre for Economic Policy Research. Research disseminated by CEPR may include views on policy, but the Centre itself takes no institutional policy positions. The Centre(More)
In the rural areas of developing countries, teacher absence is a widespread problem, both in formal and informal schools. This paper tests whether incentives based on teacher presence can reduce teacher absence, and whether they can lead to more teaching activities and more learning. In 60 informal one-teacher schools in rural India, randomly chosen out of(More)
Micro-entrepreneurs often lack the financial literacy required for the complex financial decisions they face. We conduct a randomized control trial with a bank in the Dominican Republic to compare the impact of two distinct programs: a standard accounting training versus a simplified, rule-of-thumb training that teaches basic financial heuris-tics. Only the(More)
Few micro…nance-funded businesses grow beyond subsistence entrepreneurship. This paper considers one possible explanation: that the structure of existing micro…nance contracts may discourage risky but high-expected return investments. To explore this possibility, I develop a theory that uni…es models of investment choice, informal insurance, and formal(More)
  • Oriana Bandiera, Robin Burgess, Narayan Das, Selim Gulesci, Imran Rasul, Munshi Sulaiman +27 others
  • 2013
Any opinions expressed here are those of the author(s) and not those of IZA. Research published in this series may include views on policy, but the institute itself takes no institutional policy positions. The Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in Bonn is a local and virtual international research center and a place of communication between science,(More)
  • Christopher Ksoll, Rocco Macchiavello, Ameet Morjaria, Harvard Kennedy School, X We, Oriana Bandiera +10 others
  • 2010
This paper investigates the e¤ects of ethnic violence on export-oriented …rms and their workers. Following the disputed 2007 Kenyan presidential election, export volumes of ‡ower …rms a¤ected by the ensuing violence dropped by 38 percent and worker absence exceeded 50 percent. Large …rms and …rms with stable contractual relationships in export markets(More)
  • Marek J Druzdzel, Pierre Simon, Max Henrion, Herb Simon, Baruch Fischhoff, Granger Morgan +24 others
  • 1993
Most areas of engineering, science, and management use important tools based on probabilistic methods. The common thread of the entire spectrum of these tools is aiding in decision making under uncertainty: the choice of an interpretation of reality or the choice of a course of action. Although the importance of dealing with uncertainty in decision making(More)