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Using 6 longitudinal data sets, the authors estimate links between three key elements of school readiness--school-entry academic, attention, and socioemotional skills--and later school reading and math achievement. In an effort to isolate the effects of these school-entry skills, the authors ensured that most of their regression models control for(More)
Although hundreds of studies have documented the association between family poverty and children's health, achievement, and behavior, few measure the effects of the timing, depth, and duration of poverty on children, and many fail to adjust for other family characteristics (for example, female headship, mother's age, and schooling) that may account for much(More)
This paper explores the interface between personality psychology and economics. We examine the predictive power of personality and the stability of personality traits over the life cycle. We develop simple analytical frameworks for interpreting the evidence in personality psychology and suggest promising avenues for future research. Chris Hsee gave us very(More)
This paper uses data from a randomized housing-mobility experiment to study the effects of relocating families from high-to low-poverty neighborhoods on juvenile crime. Outcome measures come from juvenile arrest records taken from government administrative data. Our ndings seem to suggest that providing families with the opportunity to move to lower-poverty(More)
provided useful comments on earlier drafts. We also thank Donald Rubin and four additional anonymous referees. The authors, however, are solely responsible for any errors. The opinions expressed in this paper do not necessarily represent the views of the Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco or the Federal Reserve System. Abstract Recent survey validation(More)
Working memory (WM), the ability to store and manipulate information for short periods of time, is an important predictor of scholastic aptitude and a critical bottleneck underlying higher-order cognitive processes, including controlled attention and reasoning. Recent interventions targeting WM have suggested plasticity of the WM system by demonstrating(More)
A version of this paper is published under the title, " Inequality in Postsecondary Education, " in the volume, Whither Opportunity? Rising Inequality and the Uncertain Life Chances of Low-Income Children, edited ABSTRACT We describe changes over time in inequality in postsecondary education using nearly seventy years of data from the U.S. Census and the(More)
OBJECTIVES This study sought to estimate the impact on birthweight of maternal participation in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC). METHODS WIC estimates were based on sibling models incorporating data on children born between 1990 and 1996 to women taking part in the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth. (More)
In this chapter I examine whether and how the relationship between family socioeconomic characteristics and academic achievement has changed during the last fifty years. In particular, I investigate the extent to which the rising income inequality of the last four decades has been paralleled by a similar increase in the income achievement gradient. As the(More)