There has been a sizeable investment in the development of large-scale data and appropriate infrastructures in the physical and biological sciences and increasingly in the social sciences and humanities. Concerns about data sustainability have attracted a great deal of attention as research project data collection represents a significant investment, and… (More)
This paper describes and explains the shift in the database industry's treatment of downloading as an unwanted byproduct of new technology to a product feature in terms of shifts in ―use-regimes,‖ or changes to market practices, legal rules, user expectations and technology-based tools that shape the use of intellectual and cultural property. In the early… (More)
The intertwining of the Internet with private-market production and consumption in the US so far has been told only from an "internalist" perspective, largely by the professional business press and mostly about a few ongoing examples of online business success, especially Amazon.com and Google.
A decade before Daniel Bell (1973) made his widely-circulated claims that the US worker was entering a " post-industrial society, " two trends in what we now understand as our current " information age " — the postwar explosion of knowledge production and the accompanying application of digital computers to manage that information flow — were just starting… (More)
of the constant challenges in studying the history of the computer and its relationship to wider changes in modern society is that the unit of analysis we are tracing is so radically different in structure and capability across time (compare the 1950s mainframe to the 2000s palm-top). Amazingly, it is also adaptable in purpose and promise at any moment in… (More)