Greg C Steinbach

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In the development of sonographic contrast agents it is clear that the material properties of the contrast have a profound effect on the resulting effectiveness of the product requiring careful manipulations of its properties. The important parameters are particle size, imaging frequency, density, compressibility, particle behavior (surface tension,(More)
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES This study was performed to (a) test the hypothesis that filling the arterial lumen with echoes at B-mode ultrasound (US) enables the assessment of wall and luminal abnormalities and (b) compare contrast material-enhanced B-mode US with color and power Doppler US angiography. MATERIALS AND METHODS Atherosclerotic lesions were(More)
We showed that tissue enhancement with microbubbles is dependent upon transmit power. Because intermittent imaging decreases bubble exposure to ultrasound, and also decreases the ability of the sonographer to maintain anatomic orientation, we aimed to determine the optimum frame rate that maximizes enhancement and allows for continued anatomic orientation.(More)
The accurate quantitation of liver tumor burden and visualization of lesions in three dimensions (3D) can assist in treatment planning and can allow monitoring of therapy. Previous attempts have used CT and standard contrast media. Because the iodinated agents rapidly diffuse into tumors, usually effacing, and at time enhancing tumor edges, they decrease(More)
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES Perflubron, or perfluorooctylbromide, is an effective ultrasound and computed tomography contrast agent in a lecithin emulsion form. The authors studied acoustical properties of perflubron emulsion in static human and flowing porcine blood for concentrations from 0% to 30% weight per volume. METHODS Propagation velocity (c), the(More)
OBJECTIVE Because velocity measurements to estimate the degree of arterial stenosis are susceptible to local and systemic factors, we aimed to investigate the feasibility of estimating the pressure gradient across a stenosis noninvasively by using sonographic contrast. METHODS Using a gravity-fed flow system, a 1:4000 dilution of a contrast agent in water(More)
This study compares contrast-enhanced fundamental and second harmonic B-mode sonography using a rabbit renal infarct model. Segmental renal infarctions were produced in 13 rabbits by embolizing a 0.7 mm bead into the renal artery 1 day prior to imaging. An ultrasonographic unit equipped with an L10-5 transducer and second harmonic imaging capability was(More)