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We describe an improved method for dating buried paleosols using measurements of the cosmic-ray-produced radionuclides Be and Al in quartz grains, and apply it to a sequence of intercalated tills and paleosols in central Missouri, USA, that record Plio-Pleistocene advances of the Laurentide Ice Sheet. A buried paleosol implies a period of surface exposure(More)
In the coastal mountains of Marie Byrd Land, Antarctica, there is a juxtaposition of ice moulded landforms at lower altitudes and upstanding summits with weathered surfaces bearing tors. This paper uses geomorphological mapping and exposure dating to test two hypotheses commonly used to explain such a landscape contrast: either the pattern reflects(More)
We codify previously published means of calculating exposure ages and erosion rates from 10Be and 26Al concentrations in rock surfaces, and present a single complete, straightforward, and internally consistent method that represents currently accepted practices. It is intended to enable geologists, geomorphologists, and paleoclimatologists, who wish to(More)
13 As cosmogenic nuclide applications continue to expand, the need for a 14 common basis for calculation becomes increasingly important. In order to 15 accurately compare between results from different nuclides, a single method 16 of calculation is necessary. Calculators exist in numerous forms with none 17 matching the needs of the CRONUS-Earth project to(More)
27 Models of the production of cosmogenic nuclides typically incorporate an adjustable production rate parameter that is scaled for variations in production with latitude and altitude. In practice, this production rate parameter is set by calibration of the model using cosmogenic nuclide data from sites with independent age constraints. In this paper, we(More)
Pine Island Glacier, a major outlet of the West Antarctic Ice Sheet, has been undergoing rapid thinning and retreat for the past two decades. We demonstrate, using glacial-geological and geochronological data, that Pine Island Glacier (PIG) also experienced rapid thinning during the early Holocene, around 8000 years ago. Cosmogenic (10)Be concentrations in(More)
Glacial erosion of mountain ranges produces spectacular alpine landscapes and, by linking climate with tectonics, influences a broad array of geophysical phenomena. Although the resultant landforms are easily identified, the timing and spatial pattern of topographic adjustment to Pleistocene glaciations remain poorly known. We investigated topographic(More)
We used measurements of radar-detected stratigraphy, surface ice-flow velocities and accumulation rates to investigate relationships between local valley-glacier and regional ice-sheet dynamics in and around the Schmidt Hills, Pensacola Mountains, Antarctica. Ground-penetrating radar profiles were collected perpendicular to the long axis of the Schmidt(More)