Greg A. Howell

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The mossy-fibre axons of the hippocampus form a dense plexus, uniquely rich in chelatable zinc. Because the metal is apparently concentrated within the terminal bags of the axons, it has been hypothesized that the zinc is involved in mossy-fibre synaptic transmission. Although some electrophysiological findings have favoured the hypothesis, neither(More)
A zinc-specific retrograde transport method has been employed to map the zinc-containing neuronal projections to the septal nuclei. Sodium selenite was infused iontophoretically into the lateral or medial septal nuclei to precipitate vesicular zinc as ZnSe in situ, and the neurons that were subsequently labeled by the retrograde transport of ZnSe to their(More)
The major cytoarchitectonic regions of the rat brain that stain with the Timm-Danscher metal stain were tested with the fluorescent probe for zinc, 6-methoxy 8-para toluene sulfonamide quinoline (TSQ). Throughout most of the striatum, cerebral cortex and limbic system, the diffuse, even neuropil staining produced by the Timm-Danscher method was mirrored by(More)
Chelatable zinc has repeatedly been associated with hippocampal mossy fibers, but the neurobiological functions of the zinc have remained unclear. Zinc is a constituent of the 7S Nerve Growth Factor (NGF) molecule. The hippocampal area is rich in neurotrophic factors and cholinergic deafferentation of the hippocampus appears to activate these neurotrophic(More)
A retrograde tracing method that selectively labels the perikarya of zinc-containing neurons was used to identify the neurons that supply zinc-containing fibers to the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis in the rat. In agreement with prior lesion studies, retrograde tracing indicates that neurons in amygdalar and periamygdalar regions are the major sources(More)
Zinc-containing neurons are cells which sequester zinc in the vesicles of their axonal boutons; such zinc-containing fiber systems have been previously shown to innervate many limbic and cerebrocortical brain regions. The present study of rats and mice shows that zinc-containing axons also innervate the cochlear nuclei, forming two morphologically-distinct(More)
Quipazine produced a dose-dependent decrease in the discharge rate of serotonin-containing neurons in the dorsal raphe nucleus of freely-moving cats. This ranged from a 10% decrease at 0.5 mg/kg, (i.p.), to a virtually complete depression of activity at 5.0 mg/kg. The effects of quipazine on raphe units occurred with a short latency (5--10 min) and its(More)
Benzodiazepines (chlordiazepoxide and diazepam) produced a dose-dependent decrease in the discharge rate of serotonin-containing neurons in the dorsal raphe nucleus of freely moving cats. This ranged from no significant change at doses of 0.5 and 1.0 mg/kg (i.p.), to greater than 90% reductions in unit activity at 10 mg/kg. The effects of benzodiazepines on(More)
A method for selectively labeling the CNS neurons that give rise to zinc-containing axonal boutons is described. Focal intracerebral infusions of selenium anions are used to produce a precipitate (presumably ZnSe) in zinc-containing axonal boutons at the injection site, and within 24-48 h, the precipitate is transported to the neurons of origin of those(More)