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In spite of intensive research, the problem of treating antidepressant-resistant depressive patients has not yet been solved. The authors previously reported that combined administration of imipramine and the uncompetitive NMDA receptor antagonist amantadine reduced immobility time in the forced swimming test in rats to a much greater extent than either(More)
The MK-801-induced hyperactivity in rats was antagonized by haloperidol and, to a lesser degree, by SCH 23390, a dopamine D-1 antagonist, and sulpiride, a dopamine D-2 antagonist. Combined treatment with MK-801 + D-amphetamine, or MK-801 + apomorphine caused a stronger locomotor hyperactivity than each of those drugs given alone. The stereotypy evoked by(More)
It was found earlier that imipramine, amitriptyline and citalopram enhanced the locomotor hyperactivity induced by MK-801, a non-competitive NMDA receptor antagonist, in rats. Now, three other antidepressants: (+)-oxaprotiline, an inhibitor of the uptake of noradrenaline, (-)-oxaprotiline, an enantiomer devoid of any effect on the uptake of noradrenaline(More)
Pathological immunoactivation is thought to play an important role in the etiology of depression; however, the effect of novel antidepressant drugs on immunity has been poorly recognized. Mirtazapine, an antidepressant drug, enhances noradrenergic and serotonergic neurotransmissions, which are crucially involved in the regulation of immune system activity.(More)
Our previous studies demonstrated that joint administration of a tricyclic antidepressant drug, imipramine (IMI) with the uncompetitive antagonist of NMDA receptor, amantadine (AMA), produced stronger "antidepressant" effect in the forced swimming test (Porsolt's test) than the treatment with either of drugs given alone. Since it has been suggested that, in(More)
The effects of MK-801, a non-competitive NMDA receptor antagonist, and of antidepressant drugs were studied in the forced swimming test in rats. MK-801 reduced immobility time. Combined treatment with MK-801 + imipramine induced a stronger effect in Porsolt's test than administration of either drug alone. Citalopram was inactive when given alone but it(More)
The present study examined the effects of CGP 37849 and CGP 39551, competitive NMDA receptor antagonists, in the forced swimming test in rats and mice. Administered in a single dose or three times both examined compounds reduced the immobility time in rats. Active doses used in that test either did not change the locomotor activity or decreased it. A(More)
Pramipexole (2-amino-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-6-propyl-amino-benzthiazole-dihydrochl oride), a new dopamine receptor agonist with preference for D3 compared to D2 and D4 receptors, was tested in rats in respect of its potential antidepressant activity. In the forced swimming test the drug under study, given three times in rats, reduced the immobility time. In the(More)
In the present study, we investigated the influence of repeated treatment with fluoxetine (FLU, 5 or 10 mg/kg) and amantadine (AMA, 10 mg/kg), given separately or jointly (twice daily for 14 day), at the mRNA level (the Northern blot) in the hippocampus and cerebral cortex. The experiment was carried out on male Wistar rats. The tissue for biochemical(More)
The aim of the present study was to examine the effect of combined treatment of male Wistar rats with pramipexole and fluoxetine or sertraline in the forced swimming test. The obtained results showed that co-treatment with pramipexole (0.1 mg/kg) and fluoxetine (10 mg/kg) or sertraline (5 mg/kg) (in doses inactive per se) exhibited antidepressant-like(More)