Grazyna I Kowalczyk-Ziomek

Learn More
Notch signaling pathway is activated dynamically during evolution playing significant role in cell fate determination and differentiation. It has been known that alterations of this pathway may lead to human malignancies, including gastric cancer. Despite a decline in the overall incidence, this disease still remains an important global health problem.(More)
Prostate cancer represents an ideal disease for chemopreventive intervention. Propolis possesses immuno-modulatory, anti-tumour and chemopreventive properties. The tumour necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) is an important endogenous anti-cancer agent that induces apoptosis selectively in tumour cells. However, some cancer cells are(More)
Liver ischaemia and reperfusion (IR) injury is a significant clinical problem. The aim of our study was to investigate the protective effect of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) on rat liver ischaemia-reperfusion injury. A TNF-alpha dose of 3 microg/kg body weight was injected into rats that had undergone partial (70%) ischaemia and reperfusion. The(More)
Angiogenesis is a complex multistep process by which new capillary structures arise from pre-existing vessels in response to angiogenic stimuli. This process plays a key role during tumorigenesis because the vascular network within the tumor enables malignant cells to establish distant metastases. Thus, it is not surprising that targeting tumors with(More)
Neutrophils are cells which induce liver injury due to ischaemia and reperfusion. They are active especially in the later phase of reperfusion (> 6 hrs) since they gather in the liver and release mediators damaging hepatocytes directly. Inflow ofneutrophils into the liver is possible due to chemotaxia which involves, among others, chemokines CXC(More)
Both apoptosis and necrosis lead to the same target, i.e. the death of the cell. However their mechanisms are different although they are evoked by similar factors. The differences between apoptosis and necrosis concern not only morphological features but also biochemical changes taking place in the cell. In the case of apoptotic death of cell, its(More)
BACKGROUND Intermittent clamping (IC) of the portal triad is an effective method of protecting the liver from ischemia-reperfusion injury (IR). In clinical practice, this method is employed during a resection, but its mechanism is still not clear. OBJECTIVES To evaluate the effect of IC on rat liver and determine its mechanisms. MATERIALS AND METHODS(More)
INTRODUCTION It is generally accepted that mitochondria are a primary source of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS). Under physiological circumstances they are permanently formed as by-products of aerobic metabolism in the mitochondria. To counter the harmful effect of ROS, cells possess an antioxidant defence system to detoxify ROS and avert them(More)
Therapeutic management in hepatic encephalopathy depends on its etiology as well as progression degree. Both in acute and chronic encephalopathy one should tend to establish probable causes and try to eliminate them. Cutting down on proteins in diet is one of the most important suggestions in chronic hepatic encephalopathy. In order to reduce intestinal(More)
Liver transplantation is becoming more and more common treatment method of liver diseases. The occurring complications may result from ischemia and reperfusion. However, the precise mechanism of these changes is not fully known. Microcirculation disturbances leading to ischemic damage of cells or their death are among those factors which cause liver damage(More)