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The corneal epithelium is maintained by the limbal epithelial stem cells (LESCs). In this study, an in vitro model is proposed for the investigation of cell-cell interactions involving LESC maintenance. Imaging of the limbal niche demonstrated close spatial arrangement between basal limbal epithelial cells within putative LESC niche structures and(More)
The prophylactic use of T cell depletion (TCD) strategies for the prevention of graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) following allogeneic stem cell transplantation remains widespread. Initial reports of high incidence of graft rejection after TCD BMT led to a move away from this approach but improved conditioning regimens have reduced this risk substantially.(More)
OBJECTIVES We examined the differential secretion of cytokines by a conjunctival epithelial cell line in response to proinflammatory cytokines to identify the potential contributions during ocular surface inflammation. METHODS A conjunctival epithelial cell line was exposed to IFN-gamma, TNF-alpha, IL-4, or IL-13, and cytokine production was determined in(More)
Uveitis is a general term for intraocular inflammation and includes a large number of clinical phenotypes. As a group of disorders, it is responsible for 10% of all registered blind patients under the age of 65 years. Immune-mediated uveitis may be associated with a systemic disease or may be localized to the eye. The pro-inflammatory cytokines interleukin(More)
HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors (statins) have been demonstrated to be immunomodulatory for human immune-mediated disease and in experimental models. The aim of this study was to compare statin-mediated immunosuppressive effects on human T-cell responses in vitro with those of conventional immunosuppressives (dexamethasone, cyclosporin A (CsA), mycophenolate,(More)
BACKGROUND Conjunctival mast cells (MCs) are important effector cells in seasonal allergic conjunctivitis, via histamine and cytokine secretion. Several new anti-allergic eye drops stabilize MCs and block histamine receptors, but their anti-inflammatory effects are unclear. OBJECTIVE Anti-allergic drugs were compared for their anti-inflammatory effects in(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to determine levels of IL-2, -4, -5, -10, TNF-alpha, and IFN-gamma in aqueous humor (AH) from patients with active panuveitis, anterior uveitis (AU), and noninflammatory controls by using a flow cytometric mutiplex array (CBA) and to compare with results from ELISA. METHODS Pooled normal AH was spiked with six(More)
Interleukin-13 (IL-13) is the dominant effector cytokine of fibrosis in pulmonary and liver disease. Excessive conjunctival fibrosis in the immunobullous disease ocular mucous membrane pemphigoid (MMP) causes blindness; the pathogenesis of scarring in this disease is incompletely understood. To determine whether IL-13 is involved in conjunctival fibrosis in(More)
This study aimed to investigate whether T cells in aqueous humour are different in different types of uveitis and correlate with clinical phenotype. Patients with clinically different types of uveitis, but all displaying active anterior uveitis, were phenotyped and samples of aqueous humour (AH) and peripheral blood (PB) collected. Cells from AH and PB were(More)
PURPOSE First, to determine whether tumor necrosis factor-(TNF)-alpha is expressed in the conjunctiva of ocular mucous membrane pemphigoid (MMP) and the consequences of systemic immunosuppressive treatment on this expression. Second, to investigate the in vitro effects of TNFalpha on human conjunctival fibroblasts. METHODS The expression of TNFalpha in(More)