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Ethanol, morphine, cocaine and amphetamine were examined in place conditioning. After determination of initial preferences, animals were conditioned with ethanol (1 g/kg), morphine (5 mg/kg), cocaine (5 mg/kg) and amphetamine (5 mg/kg) alone or with combinations of these drugs plus naloxone (1 mg/kg). Naloxone prevented the ability of all drugs used to(More)
The influence of calcium channel antagonists on the behavioral sensitization to nicotine-induced hyperlocomotion and place preference was investigated. Locomotor sensitization in mice was produced by injecting nicotine (0.5 mg/kg, i.p.) for 5 consecutive days before placement in an apparatus in which locomotor activity was evaluated for 1 h. One week later,(More)
The present study focused on the evaluation of a role of opioid system in nicotine-induced antinociception and physical dependence in mice. The results indicate that nicotine (3 mg/kg) produced a significant antinociception in the hot plate test. Additionally, the opioid receptor antagonist naloxone (0.5 and 1 mg/kg), dose-dependently attenuated this(More)
In this study, we investigated the effects of acute administration of nicotine on memory-related behavior in mice using the elevated plus maze test. In this test, the time necessary for mice to move from the open arm to the enclosed arm (i.e., transfer latency) was used as an index of memory. Our results revealed that nicotine (0.035 and 0.175 mg/kg, base,(More)
The purpose of this study was to examine the anxiety-related effects of acute and repeated amphetamine administration using the elevated plus maze (EPM) and light/dark box tests in mice. D-amphetamine (2 mg/kg ip, 30 min after injection) had a significant anxiogenic effect only in the EPM test, as shown by specific decreases in the percentage of time spent(More)
We have examined the influence of two different N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonists on acquisition of the reinforcing properties of ethanol measured in the conditioned place preference (CPP) paradigm in rats. After receiving 15 daily injections of ethanol (0.5 g/kg, i.p.) before the conditioning trials, rats acquired the preference to the(More)
The consequences of alcohol dependence concern serious health care, social and economic problems. The scope of many studies is to better understand mechanisms underlying alcohol addiction in order to work out new, more effective treatment strategies. Alcohol affects many neurotransmission systems within the brain. In general, acute alcohol enhances(More)
The influence of uncompetitive NMDA receptor antagonist, 1-amino-3,5--dimethyl-adamantane (memantine) and partial glycineB site agonist, 1-amino-cyclopropanecarboxylic acid (ACPC) on cocaine-induced conditioned place preference (CPP) were examined in male Wistar rats. After determination of initial preference, animals were conditioned with cocaine (5 mg/kg,(More)
Morphine, ethanol and cocaine were examined in place conditioning paradigm. After initial preferences were determined, animals were conditioned with morphine (5 mg/kg), ethanol (1 g/kg) and cocaine (5 mg/kg) alone or combinations of these drugs plus some calcium antagonists: nifedipine (5 and 10 mg/kg) and verapamil (5 and 10 mg/kg). Nifedipine prevented(More)
Tobacco and cannabis are among the most widely abused drugs in humans, and recently, the functional interaction between nicotine and cannabinoids has been reported. The aim of the present studies is to evaluate the role of CB1 cannabinoid receptors in the reinstatement of nicotine-induced conditioned place preference. Nicotine-induced conditioned place(More)