Grazielle Caroline Silva

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N-palmitoyl-ethanolamine (PEA) is an endogenous substance that was first identified in lipid tissue extracts. It has been classified as a CB(2) receptor agonist. Exogenous PEA has the potential to become a valid treatment for neuropathic and inflammatory pain. In spite of the well-demonstrated antiinflammatory properties of PEA, its involvement in(More)
Erythroxylum species have several traditional uses in different countries, including the treatment of hypertension. The ethanol extract from E. gonocladum aerial parts, a species endemic to the Brazilian cerrado, elicited a concentration-dependent inhibition of angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) (pIC(50)=4.53+/-0.05). Extract fractionation led to the(More)
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE The leaves of Hancornia speciosa Gomes are popularly used in Brazil to treat diabetes and hypertension. Cardiovascular diseases are the main cause of death worldwide and their incidences are increasing in Brazilian population. The present study aimed to investigate the hypotensive effect and the mechanism of action of(More)
The gastrointestinal form of Chagas disease is characterized by lumenal enlargement and wall thickening of the esophagus and/or colon. Very little is known about the involvement of the immune system in the development of the gastrointestinal form of the disease. In this paper we describe our initial observations on the phenotypic analysis of peripheral(More)
BACKGROUND Microparticles (MPs) have emerged as a surrogate marker of endothelial dysfunction and cardiovascular risk. This study examined the potential of MPs from senescent endothelial cells (ECs) or from patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) to promote premature EC aging and thrombogenicity. METHODS Primary porcine coronary ECs were isolated from(More)
Endothelial senescence, characterized by an irreversible cell cycle arrest, oxidative stress, and downregulation of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS), has been shown to promote endothelial dysfunction leading to the development of age-related vascular disorders. This study has assessed the possibility that the local angiotensin system promotes(More)
Endothelial dysfunction is a common problem associated with hypertension and is considered a precursor to the development of micro- and macro-vascular complications. The present study investigated the involvement of nNOS (neuronal nitric oxide synthase) and H2O2 (hydrogen peroxide) in the impaired endothelium-dependent vasodilation of the mesenteric(More)
BACKGROUND Hancornia speciosa Gomes is an herb traditionally used in Brazil for blood pressure control. PURPOSE The present work investigated the antihypertensive effect of an extract from Hancornia speciosa leaves (SFH) and analyzed its underlying mechanisms of action. METHODS Hypertension was induced in mice by surgical removal of a kidney and by(More)
BACKGROUND The involvement of the L-arginine/nitric oxide (NO)/cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) pathway in antinociception has been implicated as a molecular mechanism of antinociception produced by several antinociceptive agents, including μ-, κ-, or δ-opioid receptor agonists, nonsteroidal analgesics, cholinergic agonist, and α2C adrenoceptor(More)