Graziella Vecchio

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Carnosine (β-alanyl-L-histidine) is a natural dipeptide widely and abundantly distributed in excitable tissues of several animal tissues. Although its physiological role has not been completely understood yet, many beneficial actions have been attributed to carnosine, such as being an antioxidant, antiglycating and ion-chelating agent, a wound healing(More)
Mimetics of antioxidant enzymes such as superoxide dismutases (SOD) or catalases are reported as potential new drugs able to reduce oxidative stress damage. In particular, manganese(III) complexes of salen-type ligands have been studied as both SOD and catalase mimetics. In this paper, we report the synthesis of two novel conjugates of salen-type ligands(More)
Carnosine (β-alanyl-L-histidine) is an endogenous dipeptide widely and abundantly distributed in muscle and nervous tissues of several animal species. Many functions have been proposed for this compound, such as antioxidant and metal ion-chelator properties. However, the main limitation on therapeutic use of carnosine on pathologies related to increased(More)
Electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS) was used for the speciation of supramolecular assemblies formed between equimolar amounts of carnosine and copper or zinc ions in dilute aqueous solutions. In the case of pure carnosine and carnosine/copper systems, the effect of pH changes, in the range 2-9, on the complexes surviving in solution was also(More)
Carnosine is an endogenously synthesized dipeptide composed of beta-alanine and L-histidine. It acts as a free radical scavenger and possesses antioxidant properties. Carnosine reduces proinflammatory and profibrotic cytokines such as transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta), IL-1, and TNF-alpha in different experimental settings. In the present study, we(More)
L-Carnosine is an endogenously synthesized dipeptide composed of beta-alanine and L-histidine. It acts as a free radical scavenger and possesses antioxidant properties. L-Carnosine reduces proinflammatory and profibrotic cytokines such as transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta), interleukin (IL)-1, and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha in different(More)
The new platinum(II) complexes of beta-cyclodextrin functionalized at the primary position with ethylenediamine or with propylenediamine were synthesized and characterized by mass spectrometry, electronic spectrophotometry, and multinuclear NMR spectroscopy. Platinum(II) complexation makes the cavity more asymmetric. These complexes were tested in vitro for(More)
Synthesis, antioxidant properties and resistance to carnosinase hydrolysis of histidine-containing dipeptides are reported in this study. Carnosine (beta-alanyl-l-histidine), homocarnosine (gamma-aminobutyryl-l-histidine) and anserine (beta-alanyl-3-methyl-l-histidine) were covalently derivatized with beta-cyclodextrin to form different OH- or NH-bound(More)
The superoxide dismutase activity of several copper(II) complexes of linear and cyclic dipeptides has been measured. The results of a classic indirect method (xanthine-xanthine oxidase) have been compared with those obtained by generation of the superoxide radical through 2-(3-benzoylphenyl)propionic acid (ketoprofen) photolysis. A simulation approach,(More)
Carnosine (β-alanyl-l-histidine) is an endogenous dipeptide widely and abundantly distributed in the muscle and nervous tissues of several animal species. Many functions have been proposed for this compound because of its antioxidant and metal ion-chelator properties. Many potential therapeutic properties have been recognized especially related to the(More)