Graziella Becker-Pergola

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The Applied Biosystems ViroSeq HIV-1 Genotyping System is a commercially available, integrated system for sequence-based analysis of drug resistance mutations in human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) protease and reverse transcriptase (RT). We evaluated the performance of this system for analysis of non-subtype B HIV-1 by analyzing plasma samples from(More)
OBJECTIVE A recent trial in Uganda demonstrated that a simple, inexpensive regimen of nevirapine (NVP) prophylaxis can dramatically reduce HIV-1 vertical transmission risk. In this regimen, women receive a single dose of NVP at the onset of labor and infants receive a single dose of NVP within 72 h of birth. The objective of this study was to determine(More)
In Uganda, the HIV Network for Prevention Trials (HIVNET) 012 study recently demonstrated that single-dose nevirapine (Nvp) prophylaxis is effective for preventing mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1). This exploratory study examines the relationship between HIV-1 subtype, MTCT, and the development of Nvp(More)
We analyzed plasma HIV-1 from 27 antiretroviral drug-naive Ugandan adults. Previous subtype analysis of env and gag sequences from these samples identified subtypes A, C, D, and recombinant HIV-1. Sequences of HIV-1 protease and reverse transcriptase (RT) were obtained with a commercial HIV-1 genotyping system. Subtypes based on protease sequences differed(More)
Vertical (mother-to-child) transmission accounts for the majority of pediatric HIV-1 infections. Many factors are involved in vertical transmission, however it is not clear which factors are most important for determining whether a mother will transmit HIV-1 to her infant. It has been suggested that HIV-1 subtype may influence vertical transmission and that(More)
Most HIV-1 infections in Uganda are caused by subtypes A and D. The prevalence of recombination and the sites of specific breakpoints between these subtypes have not been reported. HIV-1 pol sequences encoding protease (amino acids 1-99) and reverse transcriptase (amino acids 1-324) from 102 pregnant Ugandan women were analyzed by the Recombinant(More)
Virologic factors may influence survival of HIV-1-infected infants. We compared survival of Ugandan infants with subtype A and subtype D HIV-1 infection. This study was performed in the context of the Ugandan clinical trial HIVNET 012, which compared the efficacy of single-dose nevirapine (NVP) and short-course zidovudine (AZT) for prevention of HIV-1(More)
We optimized an assay for analysis of length variation in the V1-V2 region of HIV-1 env in plasma samples from Uganda. V1-V2 env length variation was analyzed in 31 plasma samples containing subtype A, C, D, or A/D recombinant HIV-1. DNA corresponding to the V1-V2 region was amplified by nested PCR. One of the primers in the second step of the PCR was(More)
BACKGROUND Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1)-infected individuals typically harbor mixtures of HIV-1 variants. For HIV-1 transmission studies, methods used for genotypic analysis should reliably detect variant mixtures. Such studies typically analyze complementary DNAs (cDNAs) from a single polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification. This(More)
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