Graziela Scalianti Ceravolo

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The Noxes (NADPH oxidases) are a family of ROS (reactive oxygen species)-generating enzymes. Of the seven family members, four have been identified as important sources of ROS in the vasculature: Nox1, Nox2, Nox4 and Nox5. Although Nox isoforms can be influenced by the same stimulus and co-localize in cellular compartments, their tissue distribution,(More)
AIMS Thyroid hormone (TH) rapidly relaxes vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs). However, the mechanisms involved in this effect remain unclear. We hypothesize that TH-induced rapid vascular relaxation is mediated by VSMC-derived nitric oxide (NO) production and is associated with the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/protein kinase B (PI3K/Akt) signalling(More)
We investigated whether angiotensin II infusion modulates in vivo the kinin B1 receptor expression and the mechanisms involved in this process. We also evaluated the role of the B1 receptor activation in aorta. Wistar rats received 400 ng/kg per minute of angiotensin II or saline (control rats) infusion during 14 days through an osmotic minipump. To(More)
Epidemiological studies suggest that intrauterine undernutrition plays an important role in the development of arterial hypertension and endothelial dysfunction in adulthood. We have evaluated the effect of the Renin Angiotensin System inhibition on the blood pressure and the mesenteric arteriolar reactivity of the intrauterine undernourished rats. Wistar(More)
The kallikrein-kinin and renin-angiotensin systems interact at multiple levels. In the present study, we tested the hypothesis that the B1 kinin receptor (B1R) contributes to vascular hypertrophy in angiotensin II (ANG II)-induced hypertension, through a mechanism involving reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation and extracellular signal-regulated kinase(More)
OBJECTIVE The increased risk of cardiovascular diseases in postmenopausal women has been linked to the decrease in plasma estrogen levels. Preparation of conjugate equine estrogens (CEE) is one of the most routinely used hormone therapy in postmenopausal women. However, studies on the vascular effects of CEE are still sparse and the mechanism of action is(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS β(2)-adrenoceptor (β(2)-AR) activation induces smooth muscle relaxation and endothelium-derived nitric oxide (NO) release. However, whether endogenous basal β(2)-AR activity controls vascular redox status and NO bioavailability is unclear. Thus, we aimed to evaluate vascular reactivity in mice lacking functional β(2)-AR (β(2)KO), focusing on(More)
Hyperthyroidism is characterized by increased vascular relaxation and decreased vascular contraction and is associated with augmented levels of triiodothyronine (T3) that contribute to the diminished systemic vascular resistance found in this condition. T3 leads to augmented NO production via PI3K/Akt signaling pathway, which in turn causes vascular smooth(More)
We investigated the expression and localization of B1 receptor in tissues of rats submitted to a renin-dependent model of hypertension (2K-1C), and analyzed the influence of endogenous Ang II in modulating the in vivo expression of these receptors. B1 mRNA levels in the heart, kidney and thoracic aorta were quantified by real time PCR, B1 receptor protein(More)