Graziano Colombo

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S-Glutathionylation is the specific post-translational modification of protein cysteine residues by the addition of the tripeptide glutathione, the most abundant and important low-molecular-mass thiol within most cell types. Protein S-glutathionylation is promoted by oxidative or nitrosative stress but also occurs in unstressed cells. It can serve to(More)
Magnetic nanoparticles (NPs) have great potential for applications not only as catalysts or energy storage devices, but also in biomedicine, as contrast enhancement agents for magnetic resonance imaging, or for drug delivery. The same characteristics that make cobalt-based NPs so attractive raise serious questions about their safety. In this context, we(More)
We have applied transcriptomic and proteomic techniques to identify changes in the RNA and the protein levels in the mouse cerebellum after chronic treatment with Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). Among approximately 14,000 transcripts in a mouse cDNA microarray library, we found 11 genes with altered expression. RasGRF1, a neuron-specific Ras guanine(More)
BACKGROUND Advanced oxidation protein products (AOPPs) are dityrosine cross-linked and carbonyl-containing protein products formed by the reaction of plasma proteins with chlorinated oxidants, such as hypochlorous acid (HOCl). Most studies consider human serum albumin (HSA) as the main protein responsible for AOPP formation, although the molecular(More)
Cigarette smoke, a complex mixture of over 7000 chemicals, contains many components capable of eliciting oxidative stress, which may induce smoking-related disorders, including oral cavity diseases. In this study, we investigated the effects of whole (mainstream) cigarette smoke on human gingival fibroblasts (HGFs). Cells were exposed to various puffs(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS We investigated whether the anticancer drug Ukrain (UK) is able to modulate the expression of some of the key markers of tumor progression in pancreatic cell carcinoma, in order to assess its potential therapeutic effect. METHODS Three cell lines (HPAF-II, PL45, HPAC) were treated with UK (5, 10 and 20 μM) for 48 h, or left untreated.(More)
Glutathione (GSH) is the most abundant low-molecular-mass thiol within cells and one of the major antioxidant compounds in body fluids. Under pro-oxidant conditions, two GSH molecules donate one electron each and are converted into glutathione disulfide (GSSG). The GSH/GSSG molar ratio is considered a powerful index of oxidative stress and disease risk.(More)
The rat is commonly used to evaluate responses of red blood cells (RBCs) to oxidative stress. How closely the rat RBC model predicts the human RBC human response has not been well characterized. The objective of this study was to compare human and rat RBC responses to the thiol-specific oxidant tert-butylhydroperoxide by monitoring the intraerythrocyte(More)
According to life-history theory, the allocation of limiting resources to one trait has negative consequences for other traits requiring the same resource, resulting in trade-offs among life-history traits, such as reproduction and survival. In vertebrates, oxidative stress is increasingly being considered among the physiological mechanisms forming the(More)
Pigmentation of body surface in animals can have multiple determinants and accomplish diverse functions. Eumelanin and pheomelanin are the main animal pigments, being responsible of yellow, brownish-red and black hues, and have partly common biosynthetic pathways. Many populations of vertebrates show individual variation in melanism, putatively with large(More)