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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE FOG is a troublesome symptom of PD. Despite growing evidence suggesting that FOG in PD may be associated with cognitive dysfunction, the relationship between regional brain atrophy and FOG has been poorly investigated. MATERIALS AND METHODS Optimized VBM was applied to 3T brain MR images of 24 patients with PD and 12 HC. Patients(More)
To acquire more information relative to the course of obesity in conditions of food restriction in subjects carrying mutations in the melanocortin signaling pathway, 710 obese children (mean age: 9.5+/-2.1 yr; mean z-score body mass index: 3.63+/-1.6) were genotyped for the proopiomelanocortin (POMC) R236G substitution, a variant which has been associated(More)
OBJECTIVE To test whether ghrelin variants could play a role in modulating some aspects of the obese phenotype during childhood. DESIGN We screened the ghrelin gene in 300 Italian obese children and adolescents (mean age 10.5+/-3.2 y; range 4-19 y) and 200 controls by using the single-strand conformation polymorphism and the restriction fragment length(More)
BACKGROUND The central melanocortin system is critical for the long-term regulation of energy homeostasis. Melanocortin-3 receptor (MC3R) knock-out mice, despite being hypophagic, have increased fat mass and higher feed efficiency than do their wild-type littermates. OBJECTIVE The aim was to evaluate whether, in childhood obesity, MC3R variants are(More)
CONTEXT Obesity and iron deficiency are two of the most common nutritional disorders worldwide. Several studies found higher rates of iron deficiency in obese than in normal-weight children. Hepcidin represents the main inhibitor of intestinal iron absorption, and its expression is increased in adipose tissue of obese patients. Leptin is able, in vitro, to(More)
Cocaine- and amphetamine-regulated transcript (CART) inhibits feeding and induces the expression of c-Fos in hypothalamic areas implicated in appetite regulation. Furthermore, the CART peptide is found in neurons regulating sympathetic outflow, which in turn play an integral role in regulating body temperature and energy expenditure. The CART gene was(More)
BACKGROUND Melanocortin-4 receptor (MC4R) mutations have been reported as the most common single genetic cause of obesity in some populations and it has been suggested that they may be responsible for more than 4% of early-onset obesity. OBJECTIVES To verify the presence of mutations of the MC4R coding region in children from southern Italy with(More)
BACKGROUND Although linkage studies strongly suggest that proopiomelanocortin (POMC) alterations could play a role in the genetic predisposition to obesity, systematic POMC mutational analysis did not completely confirm this hypothesis. OBJECTIVES To verify the presence of mutations of the POMC coding region in Italian children with very early onset(More)
BACKGROUND Coeliac disease is a complex disorder influenced by environmental and genetic factors. A genome wide linkage study identified the myosin IXB (MYO9B) as a gene possibly associated with coeliac disease. Recently, a Dutch study reported a strong association of a single SNP, rs 2305764, of MYO9B with coeliac disease. However, two successive studies(More)
Benign familial neonatal convulsions (BFNC) is a rare autosomal inherited epilepsy. We studied the KCNQ2 coding region in a large, four-generation, Italian family with BFNC. A missense mutation C686T predicting the change of one of the innermost arginine (R214W) of the key functional voltage sensor (S4 helix), has been found in all affected members. This(More)