Grayson M Ford

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Earth abundant copper-zinc-tin-chalcogenide (CZTSSe) is an important class of material for the development of low cost and sustainable thin film solar cells. The fabrication of CZTSSe solar cells by selenization of CZTS nanocrystals is presented. By tuning the composition of the CZTS nanocrystals and developing a robust film coating method, a total area(More)
Recent developments in the colloidal synthesis of high quality nanocrystals have opened up new routes for the fabrication of low-cost efficient photovoltaic devices. Previously, we demonstrated the utility of CuInSe(2) nanocrystals in the fabrication of CuInSe(2) thin film solar cells. In those devices, sintering the nanocrystal film yields a relatively(More)
Universality of non-Ohmic shunt leakage in thin-film solar cells" We compare the dark current-voltage ͑IV͒ characteristics of three different thin-film solar cell types: hydrogenated amorphous silicon ͑a-Si:H͒ p-in cells, organic bulk heterojunction ͑BHJ͒ cells, and Cu͑In, Ga͒Se 2 ͑CIGS͒ cells. All three device types exhibit a significant shunt leakage(More)
The gene predisposing to retinoblastoma, RB1, has been mapped to 13q14 and a cDNA clone has been isolated. Alterations of this chromosomal region are found not only in retinoblastoma, but in other tumor types including bone and soft tissue sarcomas, gastric tumors, small cell lung cancer, hematologic malignancies, rhabdomyosarcoma, and breast cancer.(More)
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