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Little is known about respiration and sleep in spinal cord injured (SCI) patients, and yet they frequently have complaints related to sleep. Four SCI patients with various sleep complaints were evaluated with nocturnal polysomnography. All 4 had evidence of obstructive sleep apnea (disordered breathing). These findings suggest that obstructive sleep apnea(More)
Hypoparathyroidism (hypoPT) is characterized by a state of low bone turnover and high bone mineral density (BMD) despite conventional treatment with calcium supplements and active vitamin D analogues. To assess effects of PTH substitution therapy on 3-dimensional bone structure, we randomized 62 patients with hypoPT into 24 weeks of treatment with either(More)
BACKGROUND Epicardial pacing wires are routinely used for the diagnosis and treatment of bradyarrhythmias after cardiac surgery. The frequency of arrhythmias during removal of the wires is unknown, and methods of removal vary among institutions. OBJECTIVES To describe the frequency of ventricular arrhythmias during removal of epicardial pacing wires from(More)
UNLABELLED Non-invasive coronary CT angiography (CCTA) has the potential to characterize the composition of non-calcified coronary plaques. CT-density values characterized by Hounsfield Units (HU) may classify non-calcified plaques as fibrous or lipid-rich, but the luminal density caused by the applied contrast material influences HU in the plaques in(More)
Data from 303 patients with 389 admissions for spontaneous pneumothorax from 1970 to 1980 at Ullevaal Hospital, Oslo, Norway, were reviewed. Spontaneous pneumothorax carried a significantly higher complication and mortality rate in patients suffering chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Their higher median age compared to non-COPD patients(More)
OBJECTIVE For minimal invasive treatment of small renal masses, cryoablation has gained popularity. Treatment success is defined as the absence of contrast enhancement on postoperative imaging of the cryoablated lesion, but contrast enhancement does not necessarily equal treatment failure. This present study investigates the proportion of spontaneous(More)
OBJECTIVES Ultrasound (US) is a sensitive diagnostic tool for detecting pneumothorax (PTX), but methods are needed to optimally teach this technique outside of direct patient care. In training and research settings, porcine PTX models are sometimes used, but the description of the PTX topography in these models is lacking. The study purpose was to define(More)
OBJECTIVE Noninvasive contrast-enhanced coronary computed tomography (CT) angiography enables distinction between calcified and noncalcified atherosclerotic plaques. However, separation of noncalcified plaques into rupture prone lipid-rich and stable fibrous subtypes is challenging because CT density of the plaque, characterized by Hounsfield Units (HU),(More)
In a model of acute lung injury (ALI), previously, we have shown that apneic oxygenation, using an inspiratory O2 fraction (FiO2) of 1.0 combined with extracorporeal arteriovenous CO2 removal (AO-AVCR) maintains adequate arterial O2 and CO2 levels for a prolonged period. However, it is important that FiO2 lower than 1.0 can be used to avoid possible(More)
Traumatic brain damage may cause acute emotional symptoms such as uncontrolled crying, apathy, and sleep problems. Rehabilitation may be less effective in patients afflicted by these symptoms. Citalopram, a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI), has a documented immediate and dramatic effect on pathological crying in stroke patients. The present(More)