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BACKGROUND Reduced power and phase locking of the early auditory gamma-band response (EAGBR) have been reported in schizophrenia, but findings are equivocal. Further, little is known about genetic (heritability) and environmental influences on the EAGBR or its potential as an endophenotype of schizophrenia. The present study used a twin design to examine(More)
Trichostatin A is a potent and specific histone deacetylase inhibitor with promising antitumor activity in preclinical models. Plasma pharmacokinetics of trichostatin A were studied following single-dose intraperitoneal administration of 80 mg/kg (high dose) or 0.5 mg/kg (low dose) to female BALB/c mice. Plasma trichostatin A concentrations were quantified(More)
Information is stored in distributed cortical networks, but it is unclear how distributed stores are synthesized into a unified percept. Activation of local circuits in the gamma range (30 < < 80 Hz), and distributed stores in the low theta range (3-5 Hz) may underlie perceptual binding. Words have a crucial role in semantic memory. Within memory, the(More)
Small airways are the major site of airflow obstruction in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). This is attributed to loss of elastin in alveoli and fibrosis in small airways. In the present study, it was hypothesised that changes to elastic fibres in alveoli might be paralleled by a similar reduction in elastic fibres in small airways. Tissue(More)
BACKGROUND The P50 event-related potential sensory gating deficit, a failure to inhibit responses to repeated stimuli, is a leading endophenotype for schizophrenia (SZ). Both gamma and beta event-related oscillations (EROs) are major contributors to the auditory P50 response. However, the topographic distribution of gamma and beta ERO responses to initial(More)
HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors or statins are effective in both the primary and secondary prevention of coronary heart disease, the extent of benefit being proportional to the reduction in low density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol achieved. Atorvastatin, a newly licensed compound, reportedly lowers LDL with greater efficacy than other statins. The mechanism(More)
The leukotrienes LTC4, D4, and E4 are potent bronchoconstrictor agents and are thought to have an important role in asthma. Urinary LTE4, a stable urinary end-product of LTC4 and LTD4, was measured, by means of high-performance liquid chromatography and radioimmunoassay. LTE4 excretion followed a log-normal distribution in twenty-nine healthy controls, with(More)
Historically, bipolar disorder and schizophrenia have been considered distinct disorders with different etiologies. Growing evidence suggests that overlapping genetic influences contribute to risk for these disorders and that each disease is genetically heterogeneous. Using cluster analytic methods, we empirically identified homogeneous subgroups of(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate the importance of medical and dental factors in aspiration pneumonia in an older veteran population. DESIGN Prospective enrollment of subjects with retrospective analysis of data. SETTING Department of Veterans Affairs outpatient clinic, inpatient ward, and nursing home. PARTICIPANTS 358 veterans age 55 and older; 50 subjects(More)
The anticonvulsant properties of the endogenous excitatory amino acid antagonist, kynurenic acid (KYA), were studied in prepubescent and adult rats using the amygdaloid kindling model of epilepsy. Treatment with intracerebroventricular KYA (360 nmoles (adult dose) or 240 nmoles (prepubescent dose] prior to administration of the electrical kindling stimulus(More)