Grant Wylie

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Surgery of the middle ear is a delicate process that requires the surgeon to manipulate the ossicles, the smallest bones in the body. Excessive force applied to the ossicles can easily be transmitted through to the inner ear which may cause a permanent sensorineural hearing loss. An instrument was required to measure the forces applied to cadaveric temporal(More)
HYPOTHESIS The forces applied to the middle ear structures during surgery are measurable. BACKGROUND Surgical forces applied to the middle ear are often cited as a cause of postoperative sensorineural hearing loss; however, no literature exists on how much total force is applied during common middle ear procedures. METHODS Using our novel middle ear(More)