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Src homology 3 (SH3) domains have been implicated in mediating protein-protein interactions in receptor signaling processes; however, the precise role of this domain remains unclear. In this report, affinity purification techniques were used to identify the GTPase dynamin as an SH3 domain-binding protein. Selective binding to a subset of 15 different(More)
BACKGROUND Insulin-like growth factor-II (IGF-II) promotes cell proliferation and survival and plays an important role in normal fetal development and placental function. IGF-II binds both the insulin-like growth factor receptor (IGF-1R) and insulin receptor isoform A (IR-A) with high affinity. Interestingly both IGF-II and the IR-A are often upregulated in(More)
SH3 domains are found in proteins associated with receptor tyrosine kinase signal transduction complexes. The solution structure of the SH3 domain of the 85 kd regulatory subunit of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase is shown to be a compact beta barrel consisting of five beta strands arranged in two beta sheets of three and two strands. The structure is similar(More)
Host-defence peptides secreted from the skin glands of Australian frogs and toads, are, with a few notable exceptions, different from those produced by anurans elsewhere. This review summarizes the current knowledge of the following classes of peptide isolated and characterized from Australian anurans: neuropeptides (including smooth muscle active peptides,(More)
Receptor protein-tyrosine kinases, through phosphorylation of specific tyrosine residues, generate high-affinity binding sites which direct assembly of multienzyme signalling complexes. Many of these signalling proteins, including phospholipase C gamma, GTPase-activating protein and phosphatidylinositol-3-OH kinase, contain src-homology 2 (SH2) domains,(More)
Acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACC) catalyses the first committed step in fatty acid biosynthesis: a metabolic pathway required for several important biological processes including the synthesis and maintenance of cellular membranes. ACC employs a covalently attached biotin moiety to bind a carboxyl anion and then transfer it to acetyl-CoA, yielding malonyl-CoA.(More)
An important process for the regulation of auxin levels in plants is the inactivation of indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) by conjugation to amino acids. The conjugation reaction is catalysed by IAA-amido synthetases belonging to the family of GH3 proteins. Genetic approaches to study the biological significance of these enzymes have been hampered by large gene(More)
Biotin (vitamins H and B7) is an important micronutrient as defects in its availability, metabolism or adsorption can cause serious illnesses, especially in the young. A key molecule in the biotin cycle is holocarboxylase synthetase (HLCS), which attaches biotin onto the biotin-dependent enzymes. Patients with congenital HLCS deficiency are prescribed oral(More)
Herein we outline the antibacterial activity of amino acid containing thiazolidinediones and rhodanines against Gram-positive bacteria Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 31890, Staphylococcus epidermidis and Bacillus subtilis ATCC 6633. The rhodanine derivatives were generally more active than the analogous thiazolidinediones. Compounds of series 5 showed some(More)
There is a desperate need for novel antibiotic classes to combat the rise of drug resistant pathogenic bacteria, such as Staphylococcus aureus. Inhibitors of the essential metabolic enzyme biotin protein ligase (BPL) represent a promising drug target for new antibacterials. Structural and biochemical studies on the BPL from S. aureus have paved the way for(More)
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