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The type III secretion system of Pseudomonas aeruginosa transports four known effector proteins: ExoS, ExoT, ExoU and ExoY. However, the prevalence of the type III secretion system genes or the effector-encoding genes in clinical and environmental isolates of P. aeruginosa has not been well studied. Southern hybridization analyses and PCR were performed on(More)
Francisella tularensis (Ft) is a Gram-negative bacterium and the causative agent of tularemia. It is well established that this organism replicates inside macrophages, but we are only beginning to understand this interface at the molecular level. Herein, we compared directly the ability of Ft subspecies holarctica live-vaccine strain to infect freshly(More)
Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a frequent cause of respiratory exacerbations in individuals with cystic fibrosis. An important virulence determinant of this pathogen is its type III protein secretion system. In this study, the type III secretion properties of 435 P. aeruginosa respiratory isolates from 56 chronically infected individuals with cystic fibrosis(More)
Francisella tularensis is a facultative intracellular pathogen and the causative agent of tularemia. We have shown that F. tularensis subspecies holarctica strain LVS prevents NADPH oxidase assembly and activation in human neutrophils, but how this is achieved is unclear. Herein, we used random transposon mutagenesis to identify LVS genes that affect(More)
OBJECTIVES Interferon-γ (IFNγ) is the pivotal mediator in murine models of primary haemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (pHLH). Given the similarities between primary and secondary HLH (sec-HLH), including macrophage activation syndrome (MAS), we investigate the involvement of the IFNγ pathway in MAS by evaluating levels of IFNγ and of the induced(More)
Macrophage activation syndrome (MAS) is an episode of overwhelming inflammation that occurs most commonly in children with systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis (SJIA). It is characterized by expansion and activation of T lymphocytes and hemophagocytic macrophages and bears great similarity to hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH). This disorder has(More)
Overall, hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP) caused by Pseudomonas aeruginosa is associated with high attributable mortality. Although the intrinsic virulence of P. aeruginosa undoubtedly contributes to this phenomenon, it is unclear whether all strains share this property or whether only a subpopulation of strains are capable of causing such severe disease.(More)
BACKGROUND Respiratory viral panels (RVPs) able to detect multiple pathogens are increasingly used in the management of pediatric inpatients. Despite this, few studies have examined whether the results of these tests are associated with clinically significant changes in medical management. METHODS In this retrospective cohort study, we identified(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine whether results of a polymerase chain reaction-based respiratory viral panel (RVP) are associated with changes in antibiotic use or differential clinical outcomes among children hospitalized with pneumonia. METHODS We retrospectively identified otherwise healthy children hospitalized over a 3-year period at a single institution with(More)
Macrophage activation syndrome (MAS) is an acute episode of overwhelming inflammation characterized by activation and expansion of T lymphocytes and hemophagocytic macrophages. In rheumatology, it occurs most frequently in patients with systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis (SJIA) and systemic lupus erythematosus. The main clinical manifestations include(More)