Grant S. Buchanan

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There is emerging evidence that the balance between estrogen receptor-alpha (ER(alpha)) and androgen receptor (AR) signaling is a critical determinant of growth in the normal and malignant breast. In this study, we assessed AR status in a cohort of 215 invasive ductal breast carcinomas. AR and (ER(alpha)) were coexpressed in the majority (80-90%) of breast(More)
The Escherichia coli twin-arginine protein transport (Tat) system is a molecular machine dedicated to the translocation of fully folded substrate proteins across the energy-transducing inner membrane. Complex cofactor-containing Tat substrates, such as the model (NiFe) hydrogenase-2 and trimethylamine N-oxide reductase (TorA) systems, acquire their redox(More)
Although the androgen receptor (AR) is accepted as the major determinant of prostate cancer cell survival throughout disease progression, it is currently unclear how the receptor sustains genomic signaling under conditions of systemic androgen ablation. Here, we show that the evolutionarily conserved Hsp70/Hsp90 cochaperone, small glutamine-rich(More)
The yjeE, yeaZ, and ygjD genes are highly conserved in the genomes of eubacteria, and ygjD orthologs are also found throughout the Archaea and eukaryotes. In this study, we have constructed conditional expression strains for each of these genes in the model organism Escherichia coli K12. We show that each gene is essential for the viability of E. coli under(More)
The Escherichia coli Tat system serves to export folded proteins harbouring an N-terminal twin-arginine signal peptide across the cytoplasmic membrane. Previous work has demonstrated that strains mutated in genes encoding essential Tat pathway components are highly defective in the integrity of their cell envelope. Here, we report the isolation, by(More)
The twin-arginine translocation (Tat) system transports folded proteins across the bacterial cytoplasmic membrane and the thylakoid membrane of plant chloroplasts. The essential components of the Tat pathway are the membrane proteins TatA, TatB, and TatC. TatA is thought to form the protein translocating element of the Tat system. Current models for Tat(More)
The Tat system transports folded proteins across the bacterial cytoplasmic membrane and the thylakoid membrane of plant chloroplasts. In Escherichia coli substrate proteins initially bind to the integral membrane TatBC complex which then recruits the protein TatA to effect translocation. Overproduction of TatBC and the substrate protein SufI in the absence(More)
The twin-arginine translocation (Tat) system is a bacterial protein targeting pathway. Tat-targeted proteins display signal peptides containing a distinctive SRRxFLK 'twin-arginine' motif. The Escherichia coli trimethylamine N-oxide reductase (TorA) bears a bifunctional Tat signal peptide, which directs protein export and serves as a binding site for the(More)
The androgen receptor (AR) gene contains a polymorphic trinucleotide repeat region, (CAG)(n), in its N-terminal transactivation domain (NTD) that encodes a polyglutamine (polyQ) tract in the receptor protein. Whereas the length of the CAG repeat ranges from 6 to 39 in healthy individuals, the variations in repeat length both within and outside the normal(More)
Translocation of twin-arginine precursor proteins across the cytoplasmic membrane of Escherichia coli requires the three membrane proteins TatA, TatB, and TatC. TatC and TatB were shown to be involved in precursor binding. We have analyzed in vitro a number of single alanine substitutions in tatC that were previously shown to compromise in vivo the function(More)