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Maturity of the spine and spine-supporting structures is an important variable distinguishing spinal cord injuries in children from those in adults. Clinical data are presented from 71 children aged 12 years or younger who constituted 2.7% of 2598 spinal cord-injured patients admitted to the authors' institutions from June, 1972, to June, 1986. The 47(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Although mild or moderate traumatic brain injury (TBI) is known to cause persistent neurologic sequelae, the underlying structural changes remain elusive. Our purpose was to assess decreases in the volume of brain parenchyma (VBP) in patients with TBI and to determine if clinical parameters are predictors of the extent of atrophy. (More)
BACKGROUND Hydrocephalus may develop either early in the course of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) or after the first 2 weeks. Because the amount of SAH is a predictor of hydrocephalus, the two available aneurysmal treatments, clipping or coiling, may lead to differences in the need for cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) diversion, as only surgery permits(More)
Between 1977 and 1991, at the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, 10 patients, 5-16 years of age, were diagnosed as having subependymal giant cell astrocytomas. These patients accounted for 1.4% of all pediatric brain tumors seen during that time interval. One patient received a course of radiation therapy, which was ineffective in preventing tumor growth.(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Diffuse axonal injury (DAI) accounts for a significant portion of primary intra-axial lesions in cases of traumatic brain injury. The goal of this study was to use diffusion-weighted MR imaging to characterize DAI in the setting of acute and subacute traumatic brain injury. METHODS Nine patients ranging in age from 26 to 78 years(More)
OBJECT This study was conducted to determine whether proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) is a sensitive method for detecting diffuse axonal injury, which is a primary sequela of traumatic brain injury (TBI). Diffuse axonal injury is characterized by selective damage to white matter tracts that is caused in part by the severe inertial strain created(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Current imaging does not permit quantification of neural injury after traumatic brain injury (TBI) and therefore limits both the development of new treatments and the appropriate counseling of patients concerning prognosis. We evaluated the utility of magnetization transfer ratio (MTR) and proton MR spectroscopy in identifying(More)
PURPOSE Dural arteriovenous fistulas (DAVFs) are acquired arteriovenous shunts located within the dura. The highly variable natural history and symptomatology of DAVFs range from subjective bruit to intracranial hemorrhage and are related to the lesion's pattern of venous drainage and its effect on the drainage of adjacent brain. We examined the prevalence(More)
BACKGROUND Ethmoidal dural arteriovenous fistulas (EDAFs) are an unusual type of intracranial vascular lesion that commonly present with acute hemorrhage. They are often best treated surgically; however, recent endovascular advances raise questions concerning the best therapeutic approach. METHODS We present 7 cases of EDAFs managed at this institution(More)