Grant Mcfadden

Learn More
Myxomatosis in European rabbits is a severely debilitating disease characterized by profound systemic cellular immunosuppression and a high rate of mortality. The causative agent, myxoma virus, is a member of the poxvirus family and prototype of the Leporipoxvirus genus. As a major step toward defining the genetic strategies by which the virus circumvents(More)
The mechanism by which the calcium influx signal, triggered by membrane depolarization, is transduced to the nucleus to activate c-fos proto-oncogene transcription has been characterized. A calcium response element (CaRE) that is indistinguishable from a cAMP response element (CRE) mediates transcriptional inducibility by depolarization. Its cognate(More)
Many poxvirus-encoded virulence factors have been identified as proteins that are secreted from infected cells. The major secreted protein (37 kilodaltons) from cells infected with myxoma virus is encoded by the M-T7 open reading frame. This protein has significant sequence similarity to the human and mouse receptors for interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma).(More)
Large DNA viruses defend against hostile assault executed by the host immune system by producing an array of gene products that systematically sabotage key components of the inflammatory response. Poxviruses target many of the primary mediators of innate immunity including interferons, tumor necrosis factors, interleukins, complement, and chemokines.(More)
Myxoma virus is a pathogenic poxvirus that induces a lethal myxomatosis disease profile in European rabbits, which is characterized by fulminating lesions at the primary site of inoculation, rapid dissemination to secondary internal organs and peripheral external sites, and supervening gram-negative bacterial infection. Here we describe the role of a novel(More)
We demonstrate that the susceptibility of human cancer cells to be infected and killed by an oncolytic poxvirus, myxoma virus (MV), is related to the basal level of endogenous phosphorylated Akt. We further demonstrate that nonpermissive tumor cells will switch from resistant to susceptible for MV infection after expression of ectopically active Akt(More)
Interferon-gamma functions within the immune system as a potent anti-viral and immunoregulatory cytokine. In order to successfully replicate within a host cell, poxviruses have evolved a number of strategies to counteract the pleiotropic effects of interferon-gamma. In particular, the leporipoxvirus myxoma virus was shown to express an extracellular soluble(More)
Immunomodulatory proteins encoded by the larger DNA viruses interact with a wide spectrum of immune effector molecules that regulate the antiviral response in the infected host. Here we show that certain poxviruses, including myxoma virus. Shope fibroma virus, rabbitpox virus, vaccinia virus (strain Lister), cowpox virus, and raccoonpox virus, express a new(More)
The nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) family of transcription factors plays a central part in the host response to infection by microbial pathogens, by orchestrating the innate and acquired host immune responses. The NF-κB proteins are activated by diverse signalling pathways that originate from many different cellular receptors and sensors. Many successful(More)
Multicellular organisms possess very sophisticated defense mechanisms that are designed to effectively counter the continual microbial insult of the environment within the vertebrate host. However, successful microbial pathogens have in turn evolved complex and efficient methods to overcome innate and adaptive immune mechanisms, which can result in disease(More)