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The pharmacokinetics, tissue distribution, metabolism, and excretion of celecoxib, 4-[5-(4-methylphenyl)-3-(trifluoromethyl)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl] benzenesulfonamide, a cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitor, were investigated in rats. Celecoxib was metabolized extensively after i.v. administration of [(14)C]celecoxib, and elimination of unchanged compound was minor (less(More)
The pharmacokinetics of celecoxib, a cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitor, was characterized in beagle dogs. Celecoxib is extensively metabolized by dogs to a hydroxymethyl metabolite with subsequent oxidization to the carboxylic acid analog. There are at least two populations of dogs, distinguished by their capacity to eliminate celecoxib from plasma at either a(More)
Absorption, metabolism and excretion of radiolabelled misoprostol were studied in laboratory animals and in humans. Dog and man were similar in terms of key parameters examined. Misoprostol itself was not present in plasma after its oral administration to humans. Misoprostol was rapidly converted by de-esterification to its free acid. This metabolite(More)
PURPOSE The in vitro fate of an ester prodrug, glycovir, was studied to determine if the species differences in the bioavailability of pharmacologically active SC-48334 observed after glycovir administration and not observed after SC-48334 administration is due to species differences in ester hydrolysis rate or species differences in absorption of the(More)
The oral delivery of O-(N-morpholino-carbonyl-3-L-phenylaspartyl-L- leucinamide of (2S,3R,4S)-2-amino-1-cyclohexyl-3,4-dihydroxy-6-methylhetane (I), a new renin inhibitor, was studied in the in vivo rat model using emulsion formulations. The components of the emulsion formulations were chosen based on their proposed effects on membrane structure, membrane(More)
PURPOSE To determine whether the rat is a good animal model for the food effects observed with bidisomide but not with the structurally similar antiarrhythmic drug, disopyramide in man and to explore a reason for the differences in the food effects of these compounds. METHODS The following effects on the absorption of bidisomide and/or disopyramide were(More)
PURPOSE To determine mechanism of food effects observed with bidisomide but not with the structurally similar drug, disopyramide. METHODS Food effect studies of bidisomide and disopyramide were conducted with and without a standardized high fat meal in healthy subjects and in the dog. Intestinal metabolism of disopyramide and absorption of the metabolites(More)
1. SC-52151, an HIV protease inhibitor, is mainly metabolized by CYP3A4 and is poorly bioavailable after oral administration. After i.v. administration of SC-52151 to the female beagle dog (2.5 mg/kg), SC-52151 was rapidly eliminated in plasma with an elimination half-life of about 1 h, a plasma clearance of 44 ml/min/kg and an apparent steady-state volume(More)
BACKGROUND Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) agonists reduce voluntary ethanol (EtOH) consumption in rat models and are promising therapeutics in the treatment for drug addictions. We studied the effects of different classes of PPAR agonists on chronic EtOH intake and preference in mice with a genetic predisposition for high alcohol(More)
In vitro metabolism studies of potassium canrenoate (PC) were conducted to examine whether spironolactone (SP) and/or its sulfur-containing metabolites inhibit the PC metabolic pathways to mutagenic metabolites and to elucidate the mechanism for any observed inhibitory effect. The mechanistic study was conducted using liver microsomes prepared from male and(More)