Learn More
Treatment with proinflammatory prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) produced a transient sensitization of whole-cell currents elicited by the vanilloid capsaicin. The intracellular signaling pathways that mediate the initiation of this PGE2-induced sensitization of the capsaicin-elicited current in rat sensory neurons are not well established. Treatment with either(More)
Nerve Growth Factor (NGF) is produced by and affects a number of immune and inflammatory cells. As part of the inflammatory response, NGF directly or indirectly alters the sensitivity of small diameter sensory neurons that communicate noxious information. The question remains as to the receptors and intracellular signaling cascades that mediate this(More)
Because nerve growth factor (NGF) is elevated during inflammation and is known to activate the sphingomyelin signalling pathway, we examined whether NGF and its putative second messenger, ceramide, could modulate the excitability of capsaicin-sensitive adult and embryonic sensory neurons. Using the whole-cell patch-clamp recording technique, exposure of(More)
The cellular mechanisms giving rise to the enhanced excitability induced by prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) and carba prostacyclin (CPGI2) in embryonic rat sensory neurons were investigated using the whole cell patch-clamp recording technique. Exposing sensory neurons to 1 microM PGE2 produced a twofold increase in the number of action potentials elicited by a ramp(More)
Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) is a common genetic disorder characterized by tumor formation. People with NF1 also can experience more intense painful responses to stimuli, such as minor trauma, than normal. NF1 results from a heterozygous mutation of the NF1 gene, leading to decreased levels of neurofibromin, the protein product of the NF1 gene.(More)
During dermal injury and the associated trauma a number of compounds are released that can mediate the inflammatory response. Determining the cellular mechanisms that initiate the inflammatory responses to acute keratinocyte damage is important for understanding the regulation of epidermal inflammation. The recently cloned vanilloid receptor-1 (VR1) is a(More)
Collapsin response mediator proteins (CRMPs) mediate signal transduction of neurite outgrowth and axonal guidance during neuronal development. Voltage-gated Ca(2+) channels and interacting proteins are essential in neuronal signaling and synaptic transmission during this period. We recently identified the presynaptic N-type voltage-gated Ca(2+) channel(More)
Our previous work showed that nerve growth factor (NGF) increased the excitability of small-diameter capsaicin-sensitive sensory neurons by activating the p75 neurotrophin receptor and releasing sphingolipid-derived second messengers. Whole cell patch-clamp recordings were used to establish the signaling pathways whereby NGF augments action potential (AP)(More)
Nerve growth factor (NGF) can play a causal role in the initiation of hyperalgesia. Recent work demonstrates that NGF can act directly on nociceptive sensory neurons to augment their sensitivity to a variety of stimuli. Based on the existing literature, it is not clear whether this sensitization is mediated by the high-affinity TrkA receptor or the(More)
To determine whether the sensitizing action of prostaglandins on sensory neurons are due to modulation of voltage-sensitive calcium channels (VSCC) we examined the effects of inhibiting these channels on PGE2-induced enhancement of evoked peptide release from isolated dorsal root ganglion neurons. The inhibitory effects of the VSCC blockers on stimulated(More)