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The repeatability of gait variables is an important consideration in the clinical use of results of quantitative gait analysis. Statistical measures were used to evaluate repeatability of kinematic, kinetic, and electromyographic data waveforms and spatiotemporal parameters of 40 normal subjects. Subjects were evaluated three times on each test day and on(More)
Repeatability is an important consideration for gait analysis data that are being used as an adjunct to clinical decision making. An index of repeatability may be based on a statistical criterion (variance ratio) that reflects similarity of wave forms over a number of identical cycles. The purpose of this study was to use the variance ratio to assess the(More)
A complete description of human gait requires consideration of linear and temporal gait parameters such as velocity, cadence, and stride length, as well as graphic waveforms such as limb rotations, forces, and moments at the joints and phasic activity of muscles. This results in a large number of interactive parameters, making interpretation of gait data(More)
Human gait is a complex phenomenon. Many descriptors are needed to completely describe gait in terms of the biomechanics involved. The descriptors, when expressed as a function of the gait cycle, are complex waveforms. For each of these variables, a single "normal" pattern with bands of deviation has generally been accepted as a reference in(More)
To assess the performance of transducers used clinically to measure pressure at the skin-cushion interface of seated patients, transducers were placed between slabs of gel and/or foam materials compressed between platens. The recorded pressures consistently exceeded the nominal pressures calculated using the surface area of the slabs. This overestimation,(More)
With increasing attention to cushion selection for patients subject to decubitus ulcers, greater efforts are being made to prescribe cushions based on individual need. Pressure measurements during sitting frequently are utilized as a clinical guide to the process of selection and fitting. To determine the relationship between pressure values recorded from(More)
This paper discusses a modular wheelchair cushion system intended for patients at moderate or low risk for developing pressure sores. With the use of components with different mechanical and physical properties the modular cushion produces improved performance compared with cushions comprising the individual components alone. In addition to achieving(More)
1 This open-access article is published and distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-No Derivatives License which permits the noncommercial use, distribution, and reproduction of the article in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. You may not alter, transform, or build upon this article without the(More)
The piezoelectric internal fixation plate represents a new concept in orthopaedic implants. The purpose of this device is to provide stable bone fixation while delivering internally generated, microampere direct currents to prevent or treat nonunion of a fracture or osteotomy. Clinically, currents of this type have been effective in treatment of nonunion,(More)
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