Grant C. Alexander

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Saliva is an important compound produced by the salivary glands and performs numerous functions. Hyposalivation (dry mouth syndrome) is a deleterious condition often resulting from radiotherapy for patients with head and neck cancer, Sjogren's Syndrome, or as a side effect of certain medications. Hyposalivation negatively affects speaking, mastication, and(More)
Electrospinning has been widely used to fabricate scaffolds imitating the structure of natural extracellular matrix (ECM). However, conventional electrospinning produces tightly compacted nanofiber layers with only small superficial pores and a lack of bioactivity, which limit the usefulness of electrospinning in biomedical applications. Thus, a porous(More)
BACKGROUND A triple antibiotic mixture (ciprofloxacin; CF, metronidazole; MN, and minocycline; MC) has been used for dental root canal medicaments in pulp regeneration therapy. However, tooth discolorations, cervical root fractures, and inadequate pulp-dentin formation have been reported due to the triple antibiotic regimen. Therefore, an antibiotic(More)
Coating stability is increasingly recognized as a concern impacting the long-term effectiveness of drug eluting stents (DES). In particular, unstable coatings have been brought into focus by a recently published report (Denardo et al 2012 J. Am. Med. Assoc. 307 2148-50). Towards the goal of overcoming current challenges of DES performance, we have developed(More)
Inflammatory responses play a critical role in tissue-implant interactions, often limiting current implant utility. This is particularly true for cardiovascular devices. Existing stent technology does little to avoid or mitigate inflammation or to influence the vasomotion of the artery after implantation. We have developed a novel endothelium-mimicking(More)
Oxygenators are critical components of extracorporeal circuits used frequently in cardiopulmonary bypass and intensive care, but platelet activation and induction of a complex inflammatory response are usually observed with their use. To improve the biocompatibility of oxygenators, we developed a nitric oxide (NO)-releasing, self-assembled peptide(More)
Pancreatic islet transplantation has been validated as a treatment for type 1 diabetes since it maintains consistent and sustained type 1 diabetes reversal. However, one of the major challenges in pancreatic islet transplantation is the body's natural immune response to the implanted islets. Immunosuppressive drug treatment is the most popular(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is often associated with persistent bacterial infection despite the use of systemic antibiotics. Topically administered antibiotics are an alternative strategy, but require effective local concentrations, prolonged mucosal contact time, minor systemic absorption, and minimal depletion. The objectives of the current(More)
UNLABELLED For three-dimensional tissue engineering scaffolds, the major challenges of hydrogels are poor mechanical integrity and difficulty in handling during implantation. In contrast, electrospun scaffolds provide tunable mechanical properties and high porosity; but, are limited in cell encapsulation. To overcome these limitations, we developed a(More)
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