Grant B. McClelland

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Both exercise training and cold acclimatization induce muscle remodelling in vertebrates, producing a more aerobic phenotype. In ectothermic species exercise training and cold-acclimatization represent distinct stimuli. It is currently unclear if these stimuli act through a common mechanism or if different mechanisms lead to a common phenotype. The goal of(More)
Honeybees, Apis mellifera, gradually increase their rate of forage uptake as they gain foraging experience. This increase in foraging performance has been proposed to occur as a result of learning; however, factors affecting flight ability such as changes in physiological components of flight metabolism could also contribute to this pattern. Thus, the(More)
In fish, environmental pollution is one factor that induces oxidative stress, and this can disturb the natural antioxidant defense system. Oxidative stress has been well characterized in vitro, yet the in vivo effects of metal-induced oxidative stress have not been extensively studied. In two experiments we examined the impacts of copper (Cu) on gene(More)
Little is known regarding the ionoregulatory abilities of zebrafish exposed to soft water despite the popularity of this model organism for physiology and aquatic toxicology. We examined genomic and nongenomic changes to gills of zebrafish as they were progressively acclimated from moderately hard freshwater to typical soft water over 7 days and held in(More)
Carnitine palmitoyltransferase (CPT) I is regulated by several genetic and non-genetic factors including allosteric inhibition, mitochondrial membrane composition and/or fluidity and transcriptional regulation of enzyme content. To determine the intrinsic differences in these regulating factors that may result in differences between tissues in fatty acid(More)
In adult zebrafish, 4 weeks of exercise training is known to induce an increase in mitochondrial enzymes such as citrate synthase (CS) when determined in mixed (red and white) muscle. However, this remodeling is not accompanied by changes in PGC-1α mRNA, a potent inducer of mitochondrial biogenesis in mammals. To further understand this response, we(More)
The term homeostasis traditionally refers to the maintenance of a relatively constant internal milieu in the face of changing environmental conditions or changing physiological function. Tissues such as skeletal and cardiac muscles must sustain very large-scale changes in ATP turnover rate during equally large changes in work. In many skeletal muscles,(More)
Dietary fatty acid composition, particularly polyunsaturated fatty acids, can affect both genetic and non-genetic regulatory mechanisms of carnitine palmitoyltransferase (CPT) I, the main regulatory enzyme of mitochondrial fatty acid oxidation. We aimed to determine how these regulatory mechanisms were affected by changes in the fatty acid composition of(More)
The enzyme carnitine palmitoyltransferase (CPT) I is a major regulator of mitochondrial fatty acid oxidation in vertebrates. Numerous genome duplication events throughout evolution have given rise to three (in mammals) or multiple (in fish) genetically and functionally different isoforms of this enzyme. In particular, these isoforms represent a(More)
Metals like iron (Fe) and copper (Cu) function as integral components in many biological reactions, and, in excess, these essential metals are toxic, and organisms must control metal acquisition and excretion. We examined the effects of chronic waterborne Cu exposure and the interactive effects of elevated dietary Fe on gene expression and tissue metal(More)