Learn More
This study investigated the biodegradation of high-molecular-weight polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in liquid media and soil by bacteria (Stenotrophomonas maltophilia VUN 10,010 and bacterial consortium VUN 10,009) and a fungus (Penicillium janthinellum VUO 10, 201) that were isolated from separate creosote- and manufactured-gas plant-contaminated(More)
Saccharomyces spp. are widely used for ethanol production; however, fermentation productivity is negatively affected by the impact of ethanol accumulation on yeast metabolic rate and viability. This study used microarray and statistical two-way ANOVA analysis to compare and evaluate gene expression profiles of two previously generated ethanol-tolerant(More)
Saccharomyces spp. are widely used for ethanologenic fermentations, however yeast metabolic rate and viability decrease as ethanol accumulates during fermentation, compromising ethanol yield. Improving ethanol tolerance in yeast should, therefore, reduce the impact of ethanol toxicity on fermentation performance. The purpose of the current work was to(More)
Two distinct forms of phosphoglucomutase were found in Lactococcus lactis subsp. lactis, strains 19435 and 65.1, growing on maltose: beta-phosphoglucomutase (beta-PGM), which catalyzes the reversible conversion of beta-glucose 1-phosphate to glucose 6-phosphate in the maltose catabolism, and alpha-phosphoglucomutase (alpha-PGM). beta-PGM was purified to(More)
Maltose metabolism in Lactococcus lactis involves the conversion of beta-glucose 1-phosphate to glucose 6-phosphate, a reaction which is reversibly catalysed by a maltose-inducible and glucose-repressible beta-phosphoglucomutase (beta-PGM). The gene encoding beta-PGM (pgmB) was cloned from a genomic library of L. lactis using antibodies. The nucleotide(More)
The ability of Stenotrophomonas maltophilia strain VUN 10,003 to degrade and detoxify high molecular weight polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) was evaluated in a basal liquid medium. Using high cell density inocula of strain VUN 10,003, the concentration of pyrene, fluoranthene, benz[a]anthracene, benzo[a]pyrene, dibenz[a, h]anthracene and coronene(More)
There are five retrotransposon families in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, three (Ty1, Ty2, and Ty3) of which are known to be transcriptionally active. Early investigations reported yeast retrotransposons to be stress-induced; however, microarray-based studies do not report retrotransposition-related Gene Ontology (GO) categories in the ethanol stress response of(More)
Trehalose is known to protect cells from various environmental assaults; however, its role in the ethanol tolerance of Saccharomyces cerevisiae remains controversial. Many previous studies report correlations between trehalose levels and ethanol tolerance across a variety of strains, yet variations in genetic background make it difficult to separate the(More)
Saccharomyces cerevisiae is traditionally used for alcoholic beverage and bioethanol production; however, its performance during fermentation is compromised by the impact of ethanol accumulation on cell vitality. This article reviews studies into the molecular basis of the ethanol stress response and ethanol tolerance of S. cerevisiae; such knowledge can(More)
The development of new wine yeast strains with improved characteristics is critical in the highly competitive wine market, which faces the demand of ever-changing consumer preferences. Although new strains can be constructed using recombinant DNA technologies, consumer concerns about genetically modified (GM) organisms strongly limit their use in food and(More)