Learn More
There is a strong association between the occurrence of leukoaraiosis and normal-pressure hydrocephalus (NPH). Venous compression secondary to alterations in craniospinal compliance is implicated in the pathogenesis of NPH, and venous pathology has also been implicated in leukoaraiosis. The purpose of this paper is to compare and contrast the blood-flow and(More)
It is unknown whether collateral vessel status, as seen on computed tomography angiography, can predict the fate of penumbral tissue identified on perfusion computed tomography and thereby influence clinical outcome. We tested this hypothesis in consecutive patients who underwent perfusion computed tomography/computed tomography angiography within 6 h of(More)
BACKGROUND Intravenous alteplase is the only approved treatment for acute ischemic stroke. Tenecteplase, a genetically engineered mutant tissue plasminogen activator, is an alternative thrombolytic agent. METHODS In this phase 2B trial, we randomly assigned 75 patients to receive alteplase (0.9 mg per kilogram of body weight) or tenecteplase (0.1 mg per(More)
Despite 100 years of study, the theories of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) formation and absorption remain controversial. Measuring CSF flow through the aqueduct using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) provides a unique insight into the physiology of CSF hydrodynamics. The published data in adults tend to refute rather than support the prevailing theories of CSF(More)
OBJECT Both idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) in adults and idiopathic hydrocephalus in children have been shown to involve elevations in venous pressure that resolve once the cerebrospinal fluid pressure is reduced. It has been assumed that the venous pressure elevations in both conditions are not hemodynamically significant, but measurement of(More)
The Alberta Stroke Program Early Computed Tomography Score (ASPECTS) has not been previously applied to perfusion CT (CTP). Five raters assigned ASPECTS to baseline noncontrast CT (NCCT), CT angiography source images (CTA-SI), CTP source images (CTP-SI), and CTP maps of cerebral blood volume (CBV), cerebral blood flow (CBF), and mean transit time (MTT) from(More)
  • G A Bateman
  • 2000
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) is considered to be a combination of altered CSF resorption and a reversible form of cerebral ischemia. The hypothesis tested in this study was that a reduction in venous compliance in the territory drained by the superior sagittal sinus (SSS) is associated with NPH and cerebral ischemia. METHODS(More)
OBJECTIVES To correlate the two types of early ischemic change on noncontrast CT (NCCT) (parenchymal hypoattenuation [PH] and isolated focal swelling [IFS]) with concurrent assessment of cerebral perfusion and to compare their rates of progression to infarction. METHODS We assessed cortical regions on NCCT for early ischemic change. Quantitative perfusion(More)
Variable results are obtained from the treatment of normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) by shunt insertion. There is a high correlation between NPH and the pathology of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) on brain biopsy. There is an overlap between AD and vascular dementia (VaD), suggesting that a correlation exists between NPH and other forms of dementia. This study(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The radiologic diagnosis of idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) is one of exclusion, with no reproducible positive features described in the imaging literature. Because MR venography is prone to flow artifacts, diagnosis of secondary intracranial hypertension (SIH) can also be problematic. Vascular hydraulics can be useful for(More)