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The association between glutathione S-transferase (GST) activity as measured by 1-chloro-2,4-dinitrobenzene (CDNB) conjugation and genotype at exon 5 and exon 6 of the human GSTP1 gene was investigated in normal lung tissue obtained from 34 surgical patients. These samples were genotyped for previously identified polymorphisms in exon 5 (Ile105Val) and exon(More)
There are numerous conflicting epidemiological studies addressing correlations between cytochrome P450 1A1 (CYP1A1) genetic polymorphisms and lung cancer susceptibility, with associations plausibly linked to alterations in carcinogen bioactivation. Similarly, correlations between aryl hydrocarbon receptor gene (AHR) codon 554 genotype and CYP1A1(More)
Metabolism of the tobacco-specific nitrosamine 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone (NNK) was characterized in human lung cells isolated from peripheral lung specimens obtained from 12 subjects during clinically indicated lobectomy. NNK biotransformation was assessed in preparations of isolated unseparated cells (cell digest), as well as in(More)
Although aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) is best known as a hepatocarcinogen, the respiratory system can also be a target of this mycotoxin. In isolated lung cells from rabbits and mice, AFB1 is bioactivated by cytochromes P450, primarily in nonciliated bronchiolar epithelial (Clara) cells. However, mutagenesis experiments suggest that the DNA-binding AFB1 epoxide(More)
OBJECTIVES To understand factors associated with errors using an established paper-based early warning score (EWS) system. We investigated the types of error, where they are most likely to occur, and whether 'errors' can predict subsequent changes in patient vital signs. METHODS Retrospective analysis of prospectively collected early warning system(More)
Epidemiological studies suggest that aflatoxin B(1) (AFB(1)), a mycotoxin produced by certain Aspergillus species, may play a role in human respiratory cancers in occupationally-exposed individuals. AFB(1) requires bioactivation to the corresponding exo-8,9-epoxide for carcinogenicity, and glutathione S-transferase (GST)-catalyzed conjugation of the epoxide(More)
A new approach to the formulation and solution of the problem of recovering scene topography from a stereo image pair is presented. The approach circumvents the need to solve the correspondence problem, returning a solution that makes surface interpolation unnecessary. The methodology demonstrates a way of handling image analysis problems that differs from(More)