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Antisera raised to a detergent- and salt-resistant matrix fraction from rat liver Golgi stacks were used to screen an expression library from rat liver cDNA. A full-length clone was obtained encoding a protein of 130 kD (termed GM130), the COOH-terminal domain of which was highly homologous to a Golgi human auto-antigen, golgin-95 (Fritzler et al., 1993).(More)
Mitotic fragmentation of the Golgi apparatus can be largely explained by disruption of the interaction between GM130 and the vesicle-docking protein p115. Here we identify a single serine (Ser-25) in GM130 as the key phosphorylated target and Cdc2 as the responsible kinase. MEK1, a component of the MAP kinase signaling pathway recently implicated in mitotic(More)
The distribution of beta 1,2 N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase I (NAGT I), alpha 1,3-1,6 mannosidase II (Mann II), beta 1,4 galactosyltransferase (GalT), alpha 2,6 sialyltransferase (SialylT) was determined by immuno-labelling of cryo-sections from HeLa cell lines. Antibody labelling in the HeLa cell line was made possible by stable expression of(More)
NEM prevents mitotic reassembly of Golgi cisternae into stacked structures. The major target of NEM is a 65 kDa protein conserved from yeast to mammals. Antibodies to this protein and a recombinant form of it block cisternal stacking in a cell-free system, justifying its designation as a Golgi ReAssembly Stacking Protein (GRASP65). One of the two minor(More)
Rabbits were immunized with membrane fractions from either the Golgi complex or the rough endoplasmic reticulum (RER) by injection into the popliteal lymph nodes. The antisera were then tested by indirect immunofluorescence on tissue culture cells or frozen, thin sections of tissue. There were may unwanted antibodies to cell components other than the RER or(More)
The docking of transport vesicles with their target membrane is thought to be mediated by p115. We show here that GM130, a cis-Golgi matrix protein, interacts specifically with p115 and so could provide a membrane docking site. Deletion analysis showed that the N-terminus binds to p115, whereas the C-terminus binds to Golgi membranes. Mitotic(More)
The AP-1B clathrin adaptor complex is responsible for the polarized transport of many basolateral membrane proteins in epithelial cells. Localization of AP-1B to recycling endosomes (REs) along with other components (exocyst subunits and Rab8) involved in AP-1B-dependent transport suggested that RE might be an intermediate between the Golgi and the plasma(More)
Thin, frozen sections of a HeLa cell line were double labeled with specific antibodies to localize the trans-Golgi enzyme, beta 1,4 galactosyltransferase (GalT) and the medial enzyme, N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase I (NAGT I). The latter was detected by generating a HeLa cell line stably expressing a myc-tagged version of the endogenous protein. GalT was(More)
Rat liver Golgi stacks were incubated with mitotic cytosol for 30 min at 37 degrees C to generate mitotic Golgi fragments comprising vesicles, tubules, and cisternal remnants. These were isolated and further incubated with rat liver cytosol for 60 min. The earliest intermediate observed by electron microscopy was a single, curved cisterna with tubular(More)
Golgi cisternae regrew in a cell-free system from mitotic Golgi fragments incubated with buffer alone. Pretreatment with NEM or salt washing inhibited regrowth, but this could be restored either by p97, an NSF-like ATPase, or by NSF together with SNAPs and p115, a vesicle docking protein. The morphology of cisternae regrown with p97 and NSF-SNAPs-p115(More)